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Psych 495 Ch 08 Defs

Definitions from Chapter 08

attractiveness bias preference for attractive faces, evident as young as 2 months of age and possibly even newborns under a week
"beauty is good" the perception that people who are physically attractive also have positive psychological characteristics such as intelligence or kindness.
doll technique giving children black and white dolls and asking them to choose color or other values
category preference (children) select or prefer one group over another, which could have meanings other than negative values
forced choice method a metric that tells the participant to choose one among options
continuous measure a type of measure that tells participants to make a choice that falls along a scale
sociometric ratings measures in which children are asked about interactions
best friends procedure a method in which children choose their best friends out of a list of all classmates
roster and ratings procedure a metric in which children rank all classmates on a continuous scale
gender constancy the understanding that gender is more permanent than changes in hairstyle, clothing, behavior or age
homosociality the tendency to interact only with members of one's own sex
social learning theory explanation for many aspects of social development ***look up better definition***
inner state theories theories of individual differences such as personality causing prejudice
cognitive developmental theories theories of prejudice which hold that children's intergroup attitudes reflect ability to think about and understand the nature of social groups and intergroup relations
developmental intergroup theory theory that the development of prejudice is a byproduct of the normal process of cognitive development through which children come to understand the world and its rules
category constancy the understanding that a person's membership in a social category does not change across time or as a matter of superficial changes
essentialism the belief that members of a category all have similar psychological characteristics that are unchanging
anti-bias education teaching that aims to provide students with heightened awareness of institutionalized racism and bias and the skills to reduce it
cooperative learning educational techniques devised to create group learning environments which implement contact conditions needed to reduce prejudice as part of the day to day process
multicultural education umbrella term for programs designed to teach students abobt the ethnic, racial, religious, and other groups in society
Created by: Z1759032
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