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AP Psych Practice 6

States of Consciousness

Higher-Level Controlled processes; totally aware
Lower-Level Automatic processing
Altered States Produced through drugs, fatigue, & hypnosis
Subconscious Sleeping & dreaming
No awareness Knocked out
Metacognition Thinking about thinking
Beta Waves Awake
Alpha Waves Drowsy
Stage 1 Light sleep
Stage 2 bursts of sleep spindles
Stage 3 Delta waves; deep sleep
Stage 4 Extremely deep sleep
Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Dreaming
Circadian Rhythm 24 hour biological clock
Insomnia Inability to fall asleep; stress/anxiety
Sleep Walking Walking & other movements while sleeping; fatigue, drugs, alcohol
Night Terrors Extreme nightmares, not during REM sleep; typically in children
Narcolepsy Fall asleep out of nowhere
Sleep Apnea Stop breathing suddenly while asleep
Fulfillment Dreaming is gratification of unconscious desires & needs; Sigmund Freud
Latent Content Hidden meaning of dreams
Manifest Content Obvious story line of dream
Activation Synthesis Brain procedures random bursts of energy; stimulating lodged memories; dreams start random then develop meaning
Hyponsis Can reduce pain & help relaxation; Can not give superhuman strength, make a person regress; make you do thing against your will
Psychoactive Drugs Triggers dopamine release in the brain
Depressants Decrease sympathetic nervous system activation; alcohol, barbiturates, tranquilizers, opiates
Stimulants Increase sympathetic nervous system activation; amphetamines, cocaine, ecstasy, caffeine, nicotine
Hallucinogens Causes hallucinations; LSD, marijuana
Tolerance Needing more of a drug to achieve the same effects
Dependence Become addicted to the drug; must have it to avoid withdrawal symptoms
Withdrawal Psychological & physiological symptoms associated with sudden stoppage
Created by: taramichelle
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