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Comp16-Anti-Infectiv

Competency 16

QuestionAnswer
Anti-Infectives drugs that can either kill an infectious agent or inhibit it from spreading.
Penicillins Eliminate infection causing bacteria. they are bactericidal(to kill).
Examples of penicillin Diclox(dicloxacillin), Pen Vee-K(penicillin V potassium), Ampicilin(ampicillin)
Cephslosporings eliminate infection causing bacteria.Divided into generations
First Generation Most active against gram-positive aerobes. Keflex(Cephalexin)
Second Generation Improved activity over first generation. Cefotan(Cefotan, Mefoxin(cefoxitin)
Third generation Active against serious gram negative infections. Cedax(ceftibuten), Vantin(Cefpodoxime), Suprax(cefixime).
Fourth Generation Broad spectrum activity against both gram-negative and gram possitive. Maxipime (Cefepine)
Fifth Generation Effective against methicillin resistant staphylocous aureus (MRSA). Teflaro (ceftaroline fosamil)
Monobactams used to treat severe infections. Azactam(aztreonam)
Glycopeptide Antibiotics Used to treat intestinal infections that cause colitis. Vanconin(vancomycin)
Aminoglycosides Bactericidal and effective against both gram negative and gram positive microoganisms. Garamycin(gentamicin), Nebcin(tobramycin), Amikin(amikacin)
Macrolides these drugs are effective against a wide range of microorganisms and are primarily bateriostatic. Biaxin(clarithronmycin), Zithromax(azithromycin).
Tetracylines mainly bacteriostatic, but in high concentration can be bactericidal. Doxycyl(doxycycline), Minocin(minocycline), Sumycin(tetracycline)
Sulfonamides Kill bacteria by interfering with bacterial synthesis. ex Ak sulf(Sulfacetamide)
Created by: Hfanord