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Lean 6Sigma Terms

QuestionAnswer
Any aspect of a task or activity that does not add value. Waste
Deviation from target or ideal. Variation
All tasks and activities needed to transform input materials and information into an output. Value Stream
The current or existing view of the workflow. Current State
A potential improved view of the workflow. Future State
Providing what is needed, when its needed, in the quantity needed. JIT, Just In Time
A practice where product is moved from one workstation to the next one piece at a time without allowing inventory to build up in-between steps. One-Piece-Flow
The step in a process line that limits the throughput of the entire process line. Bottleneck
Two diametrically opposed scheduling philosophies. Push vs Pull
Customer orders are what triggers the start of a new lot. Pull
Traditional batch lots Push
A visual signal, typically a re-order ad or container that triggers a pull system Kanban
A formal approach to organizing the workplace. The 5S’s
A cross-functional process line typically including equipment to process products from start to finish. Work Cell
An approach that leads to increased equipment availability. From an office perspective, TPM includes ongoing maintenance of business information, databases, software and computer hardware. TPM, Total Productive Maintenance
A mistake prevention approach. Mistake-Proofing
1 to 9 minute change-overs. It stands for set-up reduction, an approach that minimizes the time the process is down being changed over from one product to another. SMED, Single Minute Exchange of Dies
Use of visual controls and visual displays to help employees to maintain control of their work areas and assess performance at a glance. Visual Workplace
Techniques that improve productivity. DFA/DFM, Design for assembly, manufacturability
Continuous improvement on top of continuous improvement accomplished in small changes, usually done frequently and quickly. Kaizen
A formal structured approached to solving a problem such as the DMAIC Project cycle. Problem-Solving Process
A focused, short-term event to make immediate improvements. Kaizen Event, Kaizen Blitz
A technique used to assess risk in a process or a product design. Process-FMEA apply to office procedures as well as to manufacturing processes. FMEA, Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
A technique used to capture/solicit the voice of the customer and identify related customer requirements and technical requirements to materialize a product or service. QFD, Quality Function Deployment
A family of statistical improvement techniques. DOE, Design of Experiments
A quantification of appraisal costs, prevention costs plus failure costs with revenue of cost of goods and services sold as a base. This is also known as cost of poor quality by some practitioners. COQ, Cost of Quality
The time it takes to set up a process to produce the next product measured from the last good part of the prior lot to the first good part of the new lot. Set-Up Time
A measure of the success rate of delivering (or shipping) on the date promised. On-Time Delivery
The time quoted to customers (usually in days or weeks) between the date of purchase and the shipment date. Lead Time
The number of times the value of inventory is turned over in a year. 12 turns means that the value of inventory is turned 12 times per year or once per month. Inventory Turns
Created by: gostomskia
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