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BCPS study guide

acid base disorders, shock and anemia

how do you calculate anion gap . albumin will lower AG by how much typically if low [Na]-[Cl+HCO3]. anion gap will decrease by 2.5-3 for every 1 g/dL decrease in albumin
primary disturbance associated with metabolic acidosis and compensatory mechanism. decreased bicarb and decreased PCO2 by increasing respiratory rate. respectively
primary disturbance associated with metabolic alkalosis and compensatory mechanism. increased bicarb and increased PCO2 by decreasing respiratory rate respectively
primary disturbance associated with respiratory acidosis and compensatory mechanism. increased PCO2 and increased bicarb
primary disturbance associated with respiratory alkalosis and compensatory mechanism. decreased PCO2 and decreased bicarb
what is procalcitonin a marker for bacterial infections
affects on cardiac index, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and systemic vascular resistance in septic shock CI increases, PCWP decreases and SVR decreases
affects on cardiac index, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and systemic vascular resistance in hypovolemic shock CI decreases, PCWP decreases, SVR increases
affects on cardiac index, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and systemic vascular resistance in cardiogenic shock CI decreases PCWP increases, SVR increases
what is the target level of TSAT and ferritin TSAT >30% ferritin >200 in hemodialysis and in non-hemodialysis >100
when is erythropoetin indicated check H/H, MCV, reticulocyte count, iron studies, B12 and folate levels and stool guaiac. if not pointing to iron deficiency anemia but hgb is <10 then give
what is the goal hgb when giving erythropoetin keep below 11 in HD patients. if non-HD then 10
what does cinacalcet do and when should you not give it increases sensitivity of calcium receptors on parathyroid gland to serum calcium. do not start if calcium is <8.4 or can cause hypocalcemia
Created by: mjuhlin



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