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Ecology Vocabulary

Abiotic An environmental factor that is not associated with the activities of living organisms
Biotic An environmental factor that is associated with or result from the activity of living organisms
Carbon cycle The movement of carbon from the non living things and back
Commensalism A relationship between two organisms in which one organism benefits and the other is unaffected
Competition Ecological relationship in which two or more organisms depend on the same limited resource
Consumer An organism that eats other organisms or organic matter
Decomposer An organism that gets energy by breaking down the remains of dead organisms or animal wastes and consuming absorbing the nutrients
Ecology The study of the interactions of living organisms with one another and with their environment
Ecosystem A community of organisms and their abiotic, or nonliving, environment
Energy pyramid A triangular diagram that shows an ecosystem’s loss of energy, which results as energy passes through the ecosystem's food chain; each row in the pyramid represents a trophic feeding level in an ecosystem, and the area of a row represents the energy store
Food chain The pathway of energy transfer through various stages as a result of the feeding patterns of a series of organisms.
Food web A diagram that shows the feeding relationship between organisms in an ecosystem
Limiting factor An environmental factor that prevents an organisms or population from reaching its full potential of size or activity
Mutualism A relationship between two species in which both species benefits
Parasitism A relationship between two species in which one species, the parasite, benefits from the other species, the host, which is harmed.
Predator An organism that kills and eats all or parts of another organism
Prey An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism
Producer An organism that can make its own food by using energy from its surrounding
Symbiosis A relationship in which two different organisms live in close association with each other
Created by: 4804069372