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Chapter 8

Exam 3

QuestionAnswerundefinedundefined
Cultural life script hypothesis distinguishes between a person’s life story, which is all of the events that have occurred in a person’s life, and a cultural life script, which is the culturally expected events that occur at a particular time in the life span
Narrative rehearsal hypothesis Pictures of the planes crashing into the World Trade Center were replayed endlessly on TV, and the event and its aftermath were covered extensively for months afterward in the media
Flashbulb memories I remember walking into the psychology department office and hearing from a secretary that someone had crashed a plane into the World Trade Center.
Constructivist approach to memory what people report as memories are constructed based on what actually happened plus additional factors, such as the person’s knowledge, experiences, and expectations. T
Cryptoamnesia Beatle Harrison was sued for appropriating the melody from the song “He’s So Fine” (originally recorded by the 1960s group The Chiffons) for his song “My Sweet Lord.” Although Harrison claimed he had used the tune unconsciously, Harrison’s thought he was
Source amnesia the experience of remembering that one person told you about something but later realizing you had heard it from someone else—or the experience of claiming you had said something you had only thought (“I’ll be home late for dinner”)
Schema the experience of remembering that one person told you about something but later realizing you had heard it from someone else—or the experience of claiming you had said something you had only thought (“I’ll be home late for dinner”)
Script for visiting a post office might include waiting in line, filling out forms if you want to send the letter by registered or certified mail, giving your letter to the post office employee, watching the employee weigh the letter and determine the postage
The misinformation effect —misleading information presented after a person witnesses an event can change how the person describes that event later. This misleading information is referred to as misleading postevent information, or MPI
Retroactive interference hypothesis —misleading information presented after a person witnesses an event can change how the person describes that event later. This misleading information is referred to as misleading postevent information, or MPI
The cognitive interview technique t help witnesses recreate the situation present at the crime scene by having them place themselves back in the scene and recreate things like emotions they were feeling, where they were looking, and how the scene might have appeared when viewed from dif
Research findings on police lineups and eye witness testimony he eyewitness was able to clearly see what happened; and (2) t he eyewitness was able to remember his or her observations and translate them into an accurate description of what happened and an accurate identification of the perpetrator(s).
Shereshevskii’s abnormal brain functioning SUPER BRain
False memories false memories arise from the same constructive process that produces true memories. Memory, as we have seen, is not a camera or a tape recorder that creates a perfect, unchanging record of everything that happens
Jacoby's experiment becoming FAMOUS PVER NIGHT
Created by: luzdeluna