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Computer Terminology

these terms are important to know to understand how a computer works

TermDefinition
bit basic unit of information that a computer can understand, a 1 or 0
byte a group of 8 bits
central processing unit part of the computer that processes data; the computer case
chips very thin wafers of silicon covered in microscopic electronic circuits which control everything your computer can do
circuit board contains very thin chips that are designed to perform a specific function within a computer
computer a machine that follows a set of instructions to change and store data
hardware the physical parts of the computer
input when data is entered into a computer
microprocessor microchip, the 'brain' of the computer
operating system the software that controls the overall operation of the computer
output the way data is retrieved from the computer; the end result
peripheral hardware that is separate but connected to the computer
random access memory (RAM) temporary computer memory that can be erased
read-only memory (ROM) permanent computer memory that cannot be erased
software program that tells the computer what to do
Created by: ageoghagan
 

 



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