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English caribbean

English Caribbean Vocab

SKA Jamaican popular music that emerged in early 1960’s much influenced by American rhythm and blues.
Rock Steady Jamaican popular music style that supplanted ska and was dominant around 1966-1968.
Riddim Jamaican term used to refer to underlying recorded rhythm tracks often recycled to create new songs or to back deejay lyrics - a bass melody and the basic accompanying drum pattern.
Rhumba Box Jamaican bass instrument that is very much like the Cuban marimbula
Repeater The highest pitched of the Rastafarian drums used in traditional nyabinghi music, which plays the more complex rhythm patterns.
Reggae Jamaican popular music that developed around 1968 and remained the dominant form until the 1980’s; nowadays, the term is used to refer to all styles of Jamaican popular music since the 1960’s
Rastafarianism A politico-religious movement that developed in Jamaica in the 1930’s and has since grown to become a world religion; the divinity of Haile Selassie of Ethopia and repatriation of the faithful to Africa are proclaimed.
Pokomania A blanket term for the Afro-Protest and religions that developed in Jamaica during the nineteenth century, as well as the music associated with them - sometimes used to refer to revival
Parang A Trinidadian Christmas-season song and dance genre, of Venezuelan derivation.
Nyabinghi A traditional, drum-based Rastafarian musical style. The term is also used for formal Rastafarian gatherings and ceremonies.
Moko Jumbie A stilted, costumed, stock character in trinidad carnival.
Mento Jamaican creole folk-song genre played on a variety of instruments, most typically featuring guitar and or banjo, fife or fiddle, and rhumba box.
Kumina An African-derived religion in eastern Jamaica and also the name of a new, secular, urban style of drumming that developed in Kingston and contributed to the development of nyabinghi drumming.
Kromanti Play Traditional religion of the Maroons living in the Blue Mountains of eastern Jamaica.
Jab-Jab A ghoulishly costumed stock character in Trinidad Carnival
Dub Poetry A Jamaican genre that arose during the 1970’s performed with styles of Jamaican music using Jamaican creole language and uncompromising political lyrics.
Dub A substyle of reggae that arose during the 1970’s, characterized by special studio effects such as fades, echo, reverb, and shifting of recorded tracks.
Deejay Music music whose lyrics foreground the nitty-gritty perversities of street level rality: violence, struggles for survival, joys of dancing and sex
Dancehall A style of Jamaican popular music that arose out of reggae in the 1980’s and currently remains the dominant popular style. Characterized by less-complex rhythms and scaled down instrumentation taking a back seat to sometimes DJ like vocals.
Chutney A light, fast Indo-Caribbean song and dance in modernized Indian folk style that holds much in common with Soca.
Camboulay A nineteenth-century Afro-Trinidadian festival with drumming and dancing.
Crop Over Carnivbal in Barbados
Soca Modern Calypso dance Music
Calypso Music where lyrics are most important and include ‘double entendre'
Created by: khuber
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