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Types of Poems

Question/TermAnswer/Definition
Poem A piece of literature that has a rhythm; sometimes rhymes or repeats; expresses feelings & ideas
Verse A line in a poem; similar to a sentence
Stanza Several lines in a poem grouped together; like a paragraph
Rhythm A beat, tempo or pattern; as in music you can measure it by counting the beats in each line
Rhyme Words that have the same ending
Repetition Using the same word, phrase, or sentence multiple times
Ballad A poem that tells a story; has 4 lines; 2 & 4 sometimes rhyme
Rhyme Scheme The pattern of rhyme in a poem
Couplet A poem that has 2 lines; one idea and rhymes
Free Verse A poem with no rhythm or rhyme
Cinquain A poem that has 5 lines; certain syllables and words
Haiku A Japanese nature poem; 3 lines; 1 & 3 5 syllables; 2 7 syllables
Limerick A funny poem; 5 lines; 1, 2 & 5 rhyme; 3 & 4 rhyme
Lyric A song-like poem; has sensory details to express personal feelings
Quantrain A poem with 4 lines; has rhyme scheme aa/bb or ab/ab
Figurative Language A colorful way of describing an object, person, or situation; means more than it says
Imagery The author's use of description & words to create pictures in the reader's mind; appeals to the 5 senses; created with symbols, figurative language, and detailed description
Metaphor A figure of speech compared with things by stating one thing is another
Simile A figure of speech with words using 'like' or 'as'
Alliteration Repetition of words with the same beginning sound
Personification A figure of speech which objects are given human qualities
Onomatopoeia Words that sound like the object they refer
Created by: 19lkolodchak