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Medical Terminology

Suffix/Prefix/Root

TermDefinition
Clavicle Collarbone
Gastroenterology Study of digestive system
Gastroenterologist Digestive specialist
Hepatic Related to Liver
Gingivitis Inflammation of gums
Gingivectomy Surgical excision of diseased gums
Xerostomia Dry Mouth
Lachrymation Crying
Paraesthesia Pins & needles
Endocardium Innermost layer of heart
Coccyx Tailbone
Hypochondriac Someone anxious about their health
Rhinorrhea Runny nose
Borborygmus Rumbling stomach
Eschar Scab
Epistaxis Nose bleed
Lymphocyte White blood cell
Mediastinum Area between lungs
Cerumen Ear wax
Aer/o Air
Chron/o Time
Gastroscope Instrument used to examine stomach
Hepa Root meaning liver
Cholecystectomy Surgical removal of gallbladder
Lith/o Stone
Cyt/o Cell
Lip/o Fat
Salping/o Tube
Chlor/o Green
Scoli/o Bent
Pseud/o False
Schiz/o Split
Carcin/o Cancer
Path/o Disease
Bacteri/o Bacteria
Narc/o Sleep
-Logy Study of
Endo- Within
-Ectomy Excision
-Algia Pain
-Derma Skin
-Emesis Vomiting
-Tomy Surgical cutting
-Malacia Softening
-Megaly Enlargement
-Pnea Breathing
-Stenosis Narrowing
Poly- Many
Pre- Before
Post- After
Quadra- Four
Re- Again
Sub- Under
Retro- Backward
Accreditation Official authorization or approval
Career Occupation or profession
Certification Documentation of having met certain standards
Diagnosis-related grouping Predetermined payment structure for health care services established by federal government
Health State of optimal well-being
Insurance Payment-for healthcare expenses, which may or may not occur, in return for specified payment in advance.
Licensure Legal authority to perform an activity
Litigation Legal dispute; lawsuit
Occupation Vocation, activity in which one participates
Pandemic Epidemic that spreads over a wide geographical area affecting a large part of the population
Paraprofessional Worker who assist a professional in the performance of duties.
Profession Occupation that requires specialized knowledge and often, long and intensive academic training.
Quackery Treatment that pretends to cure a disease
Registration Official record of individuals qualified to perform certain services
Nanotechnology A level when atoms, molecules including fragments are manipulated and creating new structures.
Telemedicine To provide medical care and advice through telecommunication devices.
Arthr/o Joint
Chondr/o Cartilage
Cost/o Rib
Crani/o Skull
My/o Muscle
Myel/o Bone marrow, spinal cord
Oste/o Bone
Pelv/o Pelvic
Spondyl/o Vertebra
Ten/o Tendon
Cerebell/o Cerebellum
Cerebr/o Cerebrum
Encephal/o Brain
Medull/o Medulla Oblongata
Cutane/o Skin
Derm/o Skin
Onych/o Nail
Ungu/o Nail
Pil/o Hair
Trich/o Hair
Ocul/o Eye
Ophthalm/o Eye
Phak/o Lens of Eye
Retin/o Retina
Aur/o Ear
Ot/o Ear
Myring/o Eardrum
Tympan/o eadrum
Cyst/o Bladder
Vesic/o Bladder
Nephr/o Kidney
Urether/o Ureter
Urethr/o Urethra
Epistasis secretion of blood or discharge
Lymph/o Lymph fluid
Splen/o Spleen
Thym/o Thymus
Otomy cut into, incision.
Ectomy Surgical removal, excision
Stomy New opening
-Osis Condition
Angi- Vessel
Megaly Enlargement
Oma Tumor
Blephar/o Eyelid
-Centesis Puncture
Oto ear
Spir/o Coil
Myco Fungus
Squam Scale
Ile/o Ileum
Vas/o vas Defrerens
Balan/o Penis
Orch/o Testies
Leuk/o White
Enter Look Observe
-Penia Decrease
Gen Arise, Origin
Burs/o Sac
Trip- Rub, friction
Strept Twist
Desis To Fix/bind
Trophy Develop/growth
Mast Breast
Gloss/o Tongue
Ectasis Exspansion
Canth/o Angle at end of eyelid
Sten/o Blood vessel
Cheil- Lip
-Cele Hernia tumor
Celio Abdomen
Dyn Pain
-Oid Resembling
Oma Swelling
Gram Record, recording
Graph Instrument for recording
Graphy Process of recording
Lytic Destruction, breakdown
-ium Tissue
-Stenosis Narrowing
Cyan/o Blue
-Brady Slow
-Brachy Fast
Varic/o Swollen, twisted vein
Ventri/o Ventricle
-trans Across
Tachy Rapid, fast
Coron/o Crown
Phleb/o Vein
Scler/o Hard
Created by: dascn0