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Music Unit 3


What is time period for classical music? 1750-1820
What was the time period called where Europeans and Americans were interested in the Greeks? Age of Reason/Age of Enlightenment 1700-1800
Who were the four representatives of the Age of Reason and their main ideas? Voltaire-justiceRousseau-fundamentaly goodFranklin-inventorJefferson-Declaration of Independence
What are the three influences of Greek philosophy? 1. logic = true, emotion=false2. laws are forever3. intellect, not emotion should control
What was the bridging style between the Baroque and Classical styles? Rococo/Gallant
Where does the word Rococo come from and what does it mean? French, from rocaille, meaning shellwork
Who were two composers of the Rococo period? Couperin and Rameau
Classical music feature: overall style homogeneous, sounded similar
Classical music feature: melody singable, question and answer
Classical music feature: texture homophonic
Classical music feature: harmony no continuo, no figured base, less chord changes
Classical music feature: rhythm regular metrical patterns
Classical music feature:dynamics crescendo/decrescendo
Classical music feature:performance larger orchestra, larger cities
Classical music feature:form strict; sonata,theme and variation, and rondo
What is absolute music? no association with any object, idea, or event
What is program music? an association with any object, idea, or event
What are the three parts to the sonata form? 1. Exposition2. Development3. Recapitulation
What were the main types of concertos in both the baroque and classical periods? baroque-concerto grossoclassical-solo concerto
What were the two types of concerto grossos? type one-small against bigtype two-groups against groups
What is a solo concerto? contrasts a solo instrument against a larger group
What is a tutti? the large group in a concerto that is contrasted against
What is the difference between a Baroque Solo concerto and a classical solo concerto? a classical solo concerto has no continuo
1st movement of the classical concerto? sonata form with a double exposition, a cadenza, and lengthier
What is a cadenza? occurs in the recapitulation of the sonata form right before the coda or codetta paraphrasing the themes of the movement
2nd movement of the classical concerto? slow, beautiful, lyrical, ABA
3rd movement of the classical concerto? rondo form with a fast tempo
What is rondo form? the return of the same themes at least five times after other themes have been mixed in EX: ABACA, ABACADA
What are the two classical opera styles? opera seria(serious)opera buffa(comical)
What are some characteristics of Mozart's opera buffa? comical, german, don giovanni
What are some characteristics of Mozart's opera seria? serious, italian
What is the main characteristic of chamber music? created for small groups with one player on each part
What makes up a string quartet? 2 violins, 1 viola, 1 cello (but two separate violin parts)
What is the overall form of chamber music 1st, 2nd, (3rd/4th)
what are the types of chamber music the sonata, string quartet, string quintet, piano trio, woodwind quintet, brass quintet
What are the two types of chamber sonata music? ensemble sonatas and solo sonatas
Mozart and Beethoven's sonatas mozarts-early, light and delicatebeethovens-late, forceful, and powerful
what is the piano sonata form? 1st, 2nd, and 3rd movements
What is a symphony A large work composed for an orchestra that is divided into movements (usually four)
What is the overall form of a symphony? 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th movements
Created by: h_banana9832