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Electricity Basics

TermDefinition
electricity the motion of charged particles and the energy derived from that motion
battery (cell) a combination of two or more electrochemical cells in a row
conductor a material through which electrical charges (electrons) can easily flow
insulator a material that does not allow the free movement of electrical charges (electrons)
electric current the rate at which an electrical charge flows through the wire in a circuit
resistance the measurement of how difficult it is for electrical charges (electrons) to flow through a circuit
voltage the difference in electrical potential energy between two places in a circuit; the cause of electron movement
electric circuit a complete, unbroken path through which electric charges (electrons) can flow
load a device which draws current from the circuit thus providing resistance to the flow of electricity
series circuit an electric circuit with a single path
parallel circuit an electric circuit with multiple paths
static electricity a build up of electrical charges on an object
power the rate at which energy is transformed from one form to another
Created by: Rita.Rogers