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Manicure Cosmetic service for care of the hands, which includes skin and nail care, cosmetic treatments and procedures, polishing techniques and artificial nail applications
Pedicure Cosmetic care of the toenails and feet
Quaternary ammonium compounds Aka Quats, is the standard name for disinfectants
Alcohol Extremely flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly
Sodium hypochlorite Commonly known as bleach
Phenol Strong, high pH disinfectant
Accelerated hydrogen peroxide AHP, disinfectant based on stabilized hydrogen peroxide that is non toxic to the skin and environment. This type of disinfectant only needs to be changed every 14 days
Nail rasp Metal tool that has a grooved edge, this tool is typically used for pedicures to smooth and file the free edge
Wooden pusher Used to gently remove cuticle tissue away from the nail plate and clean under the free edge. Made from Orangewood, rosewood, or other hardwoods. Disposal alternatives for pushing back cuticles
Metal pusher Used to gently scrap the cuticle from the natural nail, they are made of stainless steel and can be disinfected and reused
Onyx Technical term for nails
Nail plate Translucent portion of the nail, extending from the nail root to the free edge, sometimes referred to as the nail body
Free edge Part of the nail plate that extends beyond the fingertip
Hyponychium Skin between the free edge and fingertip of the natural nail
Nail bed Portion of the skin that the nail plates rests upon as it grows out
Bed epithelium Thin layer of skin cells between the nail bed and nail plate (sheets)
Cuticle The small portion of non living epidermis extending around the base of the nail
Lunula Whitish, half moon shape at the base of the nail
Matrix Part of the nail bed that extends below the nail root and helps to produce the nail plate
Nail folds Folds of normal skin that surround the natural plate
Nail sidewall Aka Lateral nail fold, is the piece of skin that overlaps onto the side of the nail
Nail grooves Sits or grooves on the sides of the nail that allow growth
Eponychium Living skin at the base of the nail plate that partially overlaps the lunula
Perionychium Additional or excessive skin that overlaps onto the sides of the nail plate
Agnail Aka hangnail, is the split Cuticle around the nail
Bruised nail Dark purplish discoloration under the nail caused by trauma
Eggshell nail Noticeably thin, white nail plate that is more flexible than normal
Leukonychia Aka white spots, whitish discoloration of the nails caused by injury
Melanoychia Darkening of the nails caused by excess melanin, may be in a band or stripe
Nail psoriasis Noninfectious condition that affects the surface of the natural nail, nail will appear pitted and or have roughness on the surface
Nail pterygium Forward growth of living skin that adheres to the surface of the nail plate
Onychosis General term for any nail disease or deformity
Onychocryptosis Ingrown nail
Onychophangy Bitten nails
Onychorrhexis Abnormal brittleness of the nail plate
Ridge Aka furrow, or corrugation, is a vertical or horizontal indentation running the length or width of the nail plate
Onychomycosis Aka tinea unguium, is fungal infection that can occur on the bottom of the feet, as well as between the toes, which can spread to the toenails
Onychia Inflammation of the nail matrix
Onycholysis Loosening or separation, without shedding, of the nail plate from nail bed
Hummerus Largest bone in the upper arm, extending from the shoulder to the elbow
Ulna Inner and larger bone on the outside of the forearm, located on the pinky side
Radius Outer and smaller bone on the inside of the forearm, located on thumb side
Carpals 8 bones that forms wrist
Metacarpals 5 long, thin bones between the wrist and fingers, forming thee palm of the hand
Phalanges Aka digits, are the bones of the fingers or toes
Femur Long bone extending from the hip to the knee, aka thigh bone
Patella Technical term for kneecap
Tibia Aka shin bone, is the largest of the two bones below the knee that forms the lower leg
Fibula Bone forming the outer part of the lower leg, extending from the knee to the ankle
Gastrocnemius Muscle located in the calf that pulls the foot down, attached to the lower portion of the heel
Micro trauma Causing small unseen openings in the skin that allow for entry of pathogens
Tibialis anterior Muscle that covers the shin and bends the foot
Soleus Muscle that is attached to the lower heel and bends the foot down
Peroneus Longus Longer of the two muscles responsible for rotating the foot down and out
Peroneus brevis Shorter of the two muscles responsible for rotating the foot down and out
Tibialis posterior Muscle that helps the foot flex inward
Flexor digiti minimi Muscle that controls the little toe
Monomer Liquid that mixes with the acrylic powder and binds the acrylic polymers to dorm a nail enhancement
Methyl Methacrylate Aka MMA, type of monomer that is a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid compound. MMA polymerization readily and is used especially as a monomer for acrylic resin. It has a small molecule size and can penetrate body tissue or skin and possibly cause an A
Polymer A concentrate or powder made up of acrylic powder that when mixed with a monomer forms a nail enhancement
Polymerization The chemical reaction, aka curing or hardening, that creates polymers
Fabric wraps Very thin and tightly woven materials such as linen, silk or fiberglass that are used to strengthen the natural nail or are applied over nail tips
Nail wrap resin Used to adhere the fabric wrap to the natural nail or nail tip
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene a high quality virgin plastic, used to manufacture nail tips
Paronychia Bacterial inflammation of the skin surrounding the nail plate
Lungs Spongy, respiratory organs responsible for inhaling and exhaling
Pronator Turns the arm and hand inward so the palm faces downward
Supinator Turns the forearm and hand outward so the palm faces upward
Flexor muscle Bends a joint
ABductor Spreads fingers and toes
ADductor Pulls the fingers or toes together
Opponens Group of ADductor muscles located in the palm that pulls the thumb toward the fingers
Tarsal 7 bones that forms the ankle
Metatarsal Five long slender bones located between the ankles and the toes
Digital nerve Nerves located in the fingers and toes
Median nerve Smallest of the 3 arm and hand nerves, runs along the mid forearm and extends into the hands
Radial nerve Nerve that runs along the thumb said of the arm and the back of the hand
Initiators Substances that begin the process that starts the chain reaction, leading to very long polymer chains being created
Inhibition layer The tacky, film like layer that forms on top of the nail enhancement
Position stop Edge of the well that bumps up against the free edge of the natural nail
Stress area Edge of the nail tip below the contact area that is the most vulnerable area, accepting everyday wear and tear
Primer Liquid solution containing methacrylic acid that is applied sparingly to the natural nail plate prior to acrylic product application to assist in adhesion of the enhancement
Overlay Any fabric wrap, uv cured gel or acrylic/sculptured nail that is applied to enhance and or strengthen the natural nail
Oligomers Short polymer chains that consist of jus a few monomers, creating a thickened resin or a gel like substance
Urethane acrylate Main ingredient used to create uv gel nail enhancements
Urethane methacrylate Main ingredient used to create uv gel nail enhancements
Photoinitiators The chemical that begins the polymerization process in gel nails
Cyanoacrylates Specialized acrylic monomers that quickly polymerize with the addition of alcohol, water or any weak alkaline product to form an adhesive
Reflexology Based on the use of reflex points located throughout the hands, feets, and head that are linked to other parts of the body
Ulnar nerve Nerve that runs along the little finger side of the arm and the palm of the hand
Radial artery Supplies blood to the thumb side of the arm and the back of the hand
Ulnar artery Supplies blood to the little finger side of arm and the palm of the hand
Created by: lakeishah26
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