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Geography Review

globe a spherical model of the earth (most accurate)
latitude lines that run from East to West, but measure from North to South
grid system network of lines that are formed by crossing one another
absolute location the exact location formed by latitude and longitude
human/environment interaction how and why people change their surroundings
elevation height above sea level
core center of the earth
crust this layer of the earth includes the continents and ocean floors
GIS computer software used to map the earth
region group of places/areas united by one or more common characteristic
weather unpredictable changes in the air that take place over a short period of time
climate usual predictable pattern of weather in an area over a long period of time
greenhouse effect buildup of gasses in the atmosphere that prevent warm air from rising
hurricane violent tropical storm system that form over the Atlantic Ocean
tornado funnel-shaped windstorms that form during severe thunderstorms
nonrenewable resources resources that cannot be replaced; oil, coal, natural gas
civilization a highly developed culture
ethnic group groups of people who share common culture, language, or society
renewable resources resources that cannot be used up or can be replaced naturally; wind, sun, trees
immigrants people who move to a new country as a permanent home
canopy topmost layer of the rain forest
inflation overall increase in the prices of goods across the entire economy
island land completely surrounded by water
peninsula body of land surrounded by water on three sides
plateau flat or rolling land at high elevation
archipelago group of islands
lake sizable inland body of water
mountain land with steep sides that rises sharply from the surrounding area
valley area of low land between hills or mountains
harbor sheltered place along the shoreline where ships can anchor safely
Created by: j.otto



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