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Competency 13

QuestionAnswer
Absorption the amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation.
Accreditation the process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria(usually refers to recognition of an institution or program)
Ambulatory Pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital , or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Automated Dispensing Technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Automated Medication Dispensing Device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered does of a medication that reaches the blood stream.
Brand-name Drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer
Buccal A solid Medication dosage from that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into bloodstream.
Centralized Dispensing Automation Technology that assists int he selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar codes scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self-contained location.
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications
Absorption the amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation.
Accreditation the process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria(usually refers to recognition of an institution or program)
Ambulatory Pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital , or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Automated Dispensing Technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Automated Medication Dispensing Device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered does of a medication that reaches the blood stream.
Brand-name Drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer
Buccal A solid Medication dosage from that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into bloodstream.
Centralized Dispensing Automation Technology that assists int he selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar codes scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self-contained location.
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association. Demonstrate that the person has a certain level of skill.
Chain Pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of a corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products.
Community Pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Controlled Substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substances laws and regulations. Controlled substances are subject to a stricter controls that other prescription.
Decentralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. theses services are often supported by a central pharmacy. A pharmacy satellite is an example of ones form of a decentralized pharmacy service.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Drug Distribution Services The system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration(DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The DEA is part of the U.S Department of Justice.
Expectorate To cough up or spit
Generic Drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patient and is therefore generally available from multiple manufactures, usually resulting in a significany reduction in cost.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information .
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle
Intradermal Injected into the top layer of the skin
Intramuscular injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm,thigh,or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream.
Intraperitoneal Administered into the peritoneal space (abdominal cavity)
Intrapleural Administered into the pleural space ,which is the sac around the lungs.
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body.
Legend Drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as "Rx Only"
Licensure The process by which an agency grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competence necessary to ensure that the public health, safety and welfare will be protected.
Lozenge A hard, disk-shaped solid medication dosage from that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-order Pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are ,mailed to (not picked-up by) patients
Medication Order A written,electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an in-patient setting.
National Drug Code (NDC) Number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-The- Counter (OTC) Drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription.
Parenteral A route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration.
Patient Counseling The act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
Pharmacist A health care of profesional license by the sate to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
Pharmacy satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services
Presciption The written or verbal authorization prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient.
Primary Prescription Label A label, affixed to a dispensed drug product, that contains legally required information, including pharmacy name and address, patient name, prescriber name, drug name ,direction for use , date dispensed ,cautionary statements, sequential prescription
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
Professionalism Actively demonstrate the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession: "putting the needs of others before your own"
Registration The process of making a list or being in an existing list.
STAT Abbreviation of immediately
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
Subgingival Administered via subgingival space, which is the space between the tooth and gum
Technician An individual skilled in the practice or mechanical aspects of a profession.
Topical Applied to the skin mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair.
Trandermal Through the skin; percutaneous.
Created by: Hfanord