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Appendix C

Terms/Definitions

TermDefinition
Absorption The amount of medication that centers the bloodstream, or systemic circulation.
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria(usually refers to recognition of an institute or program).
Ambulatory Pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital,or medical center that provides medication to ambulatory patients.
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense to nurses or other caregivers as needed.
Automated medication dispensing device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so that they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered dose of medication that reaches the blood stream.
Brand-name drug A drug that is covered by a patient and therefore only available from a single manufacturer.
Buccal A solid medication form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and the gum and absorbed through the cheek and into the bloodstream.
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assist in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily resides within this self contained location.
Certification A voluntary process in which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association. This recognition certifies that the recognized individual ha
Chain pharmacy A pharmacy that is part a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products.
Community pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Controlled substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the federal Controlled Substance Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations. Controlled substances are subject to stricter controls than other prescriptions and non
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy service that are provided on or near a patient care area. These services are often provided by a central pharmacy. A pharmacy satellite is one form of a decentralized pharmacy service.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The DEA is part of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Expectorate To cough up or spit.
Generic drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufactures, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Federal regulation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information.
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle.
Intradermal Injected into the top layer of the skin.
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, thigh or buttock and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream.
Intraperitineal Administered into the peritoneal space (abdominal cavity).
Intrapleaural Administered into the pleural space, which is the sac that surrounds the lungs.
Intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord.
Intravenous Injected into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body.
Legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as "Rx only."
Licensure The process in which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation opon finding that the applicant has obtain a degree of competency necessarry to ensure that public health , safety and wellfare is protecte
Lozenge A hard disk shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacist and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to (not picked-up by) patients.
Medication order A written, electronic, telephone or verbal request for a patient medication in an in-patient setting.
National Drug Code (NDC) Number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucus membranes which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription.
Parenteral A rout of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration.
Patient counseling The act of educating the patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
Pharmacist A health professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy. Pharmacist have advanced training in the pharmaceutical sciences, such as pharmacology, and pharmaceutics.
Pharmacy satellite A physical space in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Practice of pharmacy The practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations.the state laws and regulations establish the scope of the practice of pharmacy in that particular stat, meaning the responsibilities that the pharmacist are perm
Prescription The written or verbal authorization, by the authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient. The term also refers to the physical product dispensed.
Primary prescription label A label, affixed to a dispensed drug product, that contains legally required information, including pharmacy name and address, patient name, prescriber name, drug name, directions for use, date dispensed, cautionary statements,sequential prescription numb
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training
Professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession: 'putting the needs of others before your own."
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list. A pharmacy technician may be required to be registered with the state board of pharmacy before being able to legally carry out some pharmacy functions.
STAT Abbreviation of the Latin word statim, meaning immediately; commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin.
Subgingival Administered via the subgingival space, which is the space between the tooth and gum.
Sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it dissolves and is absorbed into the bloodstream.
Technician An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession. A pharmacy Technician assist pharmacist by performing routine day to day functions of the practice of pharmacy that do not require the judgment of the pharmacist.
Topical Applied to the skin, mucus membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous.
Created by: velazquez1016