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Chapter 1

Pharmacy and Health Care

TermDefinition
Panacea a cure-all
Pharmacology the study of drugs and their properties, uses, application, and effects
Nature's Aspirin Salicylic Acid made from white willow bark. However in 1899, acetylsalicylic acid had to be formed, because salicylic acid was difficult to take, and is known as aspirin
Jesuits Powder Treatment for Malaria
Coca leaves First local anesthetic used by Carl Koller in 1884 in dentistry. Better known as cocaine and addictive
Foxglove Plant Digitalis 1785 William Withering. Treats heart disease
Mexican Yam 1943 Russell Marker created hormone progesterone, first reliable birth control.
Antibiotic a substance that harms or kills microorganisms like bacteria and fungi
Synthetic combining simpler chemicals into me complex compounds, creating a new chemical not found in nature
Edward Jenner 1796 vaccine against smallpox from the cowpox disease
Sarsaparilla 1500 AD used for kidney and bladder ailments. Still found today in many medicinal teas.
Dr. Zabdiel Boylston 1721 AD the first person to administer a smallpox vaccine.
antitoxin a substance that acts against a toxin in the body; also, a vaccine containing antitoxins, used to fight disease. 1890 antitoxins were developed for diphtheria and tetanus
human genome the complete set of generic material contained in a human cell. 1988 human genome project was started to map the entire DNA sequence
hormones chemicals produced by the body that regulate body functions and processes.
Louis Pasteur 1864 showed that microorganisms cause food spoilage, and heat can be used to kill them and preserve the food/
Alexander Fleming 1928 discovered a fungus that produces a chemical that kills bacteria. Penicillin
James Watson, Francis Crick 1951 identified the structure of DNA
Dr. Jonas Salk 1955 refined injectable polio vacine
Albert Sabin 1957 developed an oral polio vacine
Frederick Banting, Charles Best 1921 extract of the hormone insulin lowers blood sugar in dogs.
James B Collip 1921-22 biochemist insulin pure enough to on humans, proved successful.
data information that is entered into and stored in a computer system
Created by: 29Ford