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Matter

atoms, elements, molecules, compounds, mixtures, solutions

TermDefinition
atom smallest basic particle of an element, that still has properties of that element
element smallest particles of matter
nucleus contains protons and neutrons
proton found in the nucleus, is the atomic number
neutron found in the nucleus, has no charge
electron found outside of the nucleus
Periodic Table where elements are organized with information about each
matter anything that takes up space and has volume
compound when two or more different atoms join
molecule when atoms join
mixture when substances combine, can easily be separated
solution when substances combine and one substance dissolves into another
dissolve when the atoms of one substance spread evenly throughout another
solute what is being dissolved
solvent what something is being dissolved into
solids These have a definite shape and volume
liquids These take the shape of the container but have a definite volume
gases These take the shape and volume of the container
H2O an example of a compound
O-O an example of a molecule
Helium an example of a gas
ice an example of a solid
gasoline an example of a liquid
negative the charge an electron has
positive the charge a proton has
Created by: kniewoehner