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Industrial Rev.

Industrial Revolution Falshcards

QuestionAnswer
The Industrial Revolution took place in _____________ and ________________. Europe and America
Where did manufacturing take place before the IR? In People's Homes
List four industries strongly influenced by the IR. Iron Production, Textiles, Communication, Banking, and Transportation
What sort of new engine provided power for the IR? The Steam engine
Who were the Luddites. They were people who opposed the use of the new machines because they eliminated people's jobs. Luddites sometimes destroyed machines in attempt to stop the changes of the revolution
Why did England become the birthplace of the IR? It had deposits of coal and iron and a stable society with colonies.
What role did England’s colonies play in that country’s IR. They were a source of raw materials and provided a market for England's manufactured goods.
What are textiles? The manufacturing of cloth and of people's clothing
What freedom did workers give up in moving from a cottage industry in textiles, to factory produced textiles? Before the Industrial Revolution people could set their own hours and working condictions
Who invented a cheap method for making steel? Henry Bessemer
Two major improvements in transportation during the Industrial Revolution. The steamship and the steam locomotive, the steamship made transatlantic shipping faster and cheaper. Railroads grew rapidly and soon carried most freight in Europe and America.
Which class benefited from the Industrial Revolution the most? The middle and upper classes
The century during which the IR began. 18th to 19 centuries
What was the skill level of the average worker before and after the IR? Before they were low skilled and after they became high skilled.
Where was most work done before and after the IR? Before the IR people work was done in small shops and homes. After the IR peoples work was done at factories.
What material was used for fuel before and after the IR? Before the IR people used wood. After the IR people used coal.
Who or what set the pace of work before and after the IR? Before the IR people worked with their hands and worked at their own pace. After the IR people had machines and the machines were set what pace they wanted it to go.
What level of productivity was achieved before and after the IR? Before IR people achieved a low level of productivity. After the IR people achieved a high level of productivity.
What is industrialization? The process in which a society or country or world transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services
What is mechanization? Is the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery.
What is productivity? The state or quality of producing something, especially crops.
Who invented an improved steam engine that powered the IR? Thomas Savery
Created by: cds0429