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Chest positioning

Bontrager Chap 2. Procedures1.

QuestionAnswer
What are the three reasons for an erect chest position? Allows diaphragm to move further down-creating room for lungs. Demonstrates air-fluid levels. Prevents engorgement of pulmonary vessels
In an AP semiaxial lordotic, where/how is the CR? 15-20 degrees cephalad
For a lateral upper airway, what is the minimum SID? 72" to prevent magnification
For an AP upper airway, what is the minimum SID? 40".
For a lateral upper airway, what is the evaluation criteria? Air-filled trachea and larynx, shoulders rotated back as to not superimpose trachea.
Lateral upper airway, where is the CR? C6-C7.
Positioning for the AP upper airway? Raise chin so the AML (area directly under nose and the meats) is perpendicular to IR.
Where is the CR for an AP upper airway? Centered at T1-T2, about 1 inch above jugular notch.
Clinical indications of PA chest? Pleural effusions, pheumothorax, atelectasis, signs of infection.
Created by: Zoest35