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Psych 495 Ch 1 Defs

Definitions from Chapter 01

culture a unique meaning and information system, shared by a group and transmitted across generations, that allows the group to meet basic needs of survival, pursue happiness and wellbeing and derive meaning from life
group privilege an unearned favor state conferred simply because of race, gender, social class or sexual orientation; corrollary to discrimination
stereotypes beliefs and opinions about the characteristics, attributes and behaviors of members of various groups
prejudice an attitude directed toward people because they are members of a specificsocial group
discrimination treating people differently from others primarily based on membership in a social group
interpersonal discrimination when one person treats another unfairly because of the person's group membership
organizational discrimination when the practices, rules and policies of formal organizations, such as corporations or government agencies, have discriminatory outcomes
institutional discrimination when norms, policies and practices associated with a social institution (eg. family, religious organization, education system) result in different outcomes for members of different groups
cultural discrimination when the group in power rewards those values that correspond to its cultural values and punishes those that do not
classism prejudice due to social class
social class a person's place in social hierarchy, strongly indicated by wealth
scientific racism interpretation of research results to show minority group(s) in a negative light
psychodynamic theory the theoretical point of view that prejudice is a social problem stemming from irrational and unjustifiable beliefs and behaviors
sociocultural theory the theoretical point of view that culture provides stereotypes and that the patterns of those stereotypes are consistently linked to prejudice across time and regions
intergroup relations theory the theoretical point of view that prejudice derives from perceptions of competition with other groups
cognitive theory the theoretical point of view that stereotyping is a normal process for reducing a complex stimulus world to a manageable level
Created by: Z1759032