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Fungal, Viral, Para

Drugs for Fungal, Viral, Parasitic Diseases (PT LPN Ch 11+12)

Identify Major Drug Groups that Treat Fungal Infectons Fungicidal and Fungistatic
Fungal Infections are either Systemic or Superficial
Fungicidal Ability to destroy fungi
Fungistatic Able to slow multiplication of fungi
Superficial Mycoses affect what parts of the body Scalp, Skin, Nails and mucus membranes
Systemic mycoses affect what parts of the body Internal organs, lungs, brain, GI, etc
Another name for a Fungal Infection Mycoses
Antibiotics are a always effective against Fungal Infections False - most fungal infections are unaffected by antibiotics
Examples of Systemic Antifungal Drugs Fluconazole (Diflucan) Amphotericin B (Amphotec, Fungizone) Griseofulvin (Fulvicin)
Adverse Effects of Systemic Antifungal Drugs Headache, malaise, abdomen/joint/muscle pains, Anorexia - and Nephrotoxicity
Systemic Fungal Infections - Nursing Interventions and Pt Teaching use cautiously in renal dysfunction and hepatic impairment
If given with Digoxin, Amphotericin B may increase Digoxin Toxicity
Fluconazole mare increase the effects of Oral Hypoglycemics
Griseofulvin (Fulvicin) can decrease the effects of Warfarin AND Oral Contraceptives
Superficial Fungal Infections are usually treated with Topical forms of antifungals - OTC creams, gels, and ointments
Candidasis Affects the skin, nails, oral cavity (thrush), vagina. Superficial
Tinea Pedis Athlete's Foot
Tinea Cruris Jock itchy!! Yum.
Tinea Capitus Ringworm of the scalp
Examples of Superficial Antifungal Medications tolnaftate (Tinactin) miconazole (Lotrimin, Monistat) Nystatin (Mycostatin)
Adverse Reactions of Superficial Antifungal Medications skin irritation and redness burning and itching
Superficial Antifungal Nursing Interventions and Teaching Clean Area Involved Wear gloves Do not apply to open wounds Do not share clothing and towels
Nystatin administration swish and swallow, no food or drink 30 minutes after
The patient has oral candidiasis. Which of the following meds does the nurse expect to be ordered? A. Lamisil B. Mycelex C. Nizoral D. Nystatin D. Nystatin
What is a Virus? Non living particle that infects bacteria, plants and animals
Viruses require what to replicate? A host
Many viruses are self limiting and do not require Treatment
5 siblings of the Herpes Virus Family HSV- Type 1 HSV - Type 2 CMV (Cytomegalovirus) Vericella - Zoster Epstein-Barr
HSV Type 1 causes infections of the eye, mouth, and lips. Commonly called a cold sore.
HSV Type 2 causes infections of the genitalia
CMV or Cytomegalovirus affects what body systems multiple body systems - usually in immunosuppressed patients
Varicella/Zoster Virus cause what and what Zoster causes Shingles Varicella causes Chickenpox
Epstein-Barr virus causes Mononucleosis (Mono)
Antiviral Medications work by interfering with... A virus's ability to reproduce in a cell
True or False: Antivirals can cure a patient False: They do not cure a patient, most often the virus simply lays dormant.
Antiviral Adverse Effects N/V/D H/A Rash
Antivirals for Herpes Infections (common) - Valtrex (valacyclovir) - Abreva (docosanol
most common antiviral for Influenza Tamiflu (oseltamivir)
When to begin Antiviral therapy As soon as symptoms appear
When to use Antiviral in pregnancy and lactation only when the benefit outweighs the risk
Antivirals do not stop the spread of disease to other people. So, wash your hands and stuff...
When lesions are present you should avoid physical contact. wear gloves and things
Protozoans Single-celled Organism
Mites, Ticks, Worms (Helminths) Multicellular animals
Antiprotozoal Drugs aid in what infections Protozoan
Antihelmintic Drugs aid in what infections Multicellular animals... worms (Helminths) , mites, ticks,
Examples of (2) Protozoan Infections Malaria and Amebiasis
Malaria is caused by bite from an infected mosquito
Amebiasis is severe form of diarrhea! (dysentery)
Common Drugs (2) prescribed for Protozoan Infections Flagyl (metronidiazole) Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine)
Adverse Reactions of Antiprotozoal Drugs N/V/D, Abdomen Cramping, Anorexia Visual Disturbances, Dizziness
Flagyl can cause what specific AE Peripheral Neuropathy
Helminths Parasitic worms (hookworms, pinworms, roundworms, tapeworms, flukes)
Where do Helminths love to attach themselves GI Tract mucosa
Helminths are often found in areas with poor sanitation
Common examples of Antihelmintic Drugs (2) - Antiminth, pinX (pyrantel - Albenza (albendazole)
Antihelmintic AE's N/V/D, Headache, dizziness
Antihelmintic Nursing Interventions OMG, wash your hands a lot. Take showers NOT baths.
During Helminth Infection how often should laundry be changed Daily changes of towels, linens and underwear.
Created by: Wakingupto42