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Chapter 6

Heat and temperature!

Temperature How hot or cold something is; measure of average energy of motion of particles of substance
Thermometer Instrument used to measure temperature
Fahrenheit scale Scale used in United States to measure temperature. Water freezes at 32°F and boils at 212 °F
Celsius scale Temperature scale where water freezes at 0°C and boils at 100°C
Heat Transfer of energy from one object to another because of a difference in temperature
Thermal Energy Total energy of motion of all particles of an object
Convection Transfer of thermal energy by movement of a fluid
Convection current Movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to another
Radiation Transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
Conduction Transfer of thermal energy from one particle of matter to another
Conductor Material that conducts heat well and allows electric charges to flow
Insulator Material that does not conduct heat well and does not easily allow electric charges to flow
Specific heat Amount of heat required to raise temperature of 1 kilogram of material by 1°C
Thermal expansion Expansion of matter when it is heated
Created by: superstephens