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Competency 13

a-; an-; ana- No,not,without
Ante- Before,forward
Anti- Against
Bi- Two,double,both
Brady- Slow
Contra- Against,opposite
Dys- Difficult, painful
Endo- Within
Epi- Above,upon
Gyneco/o Woman
Hemi- Half
Hyper- Above,excessive
Hypo- Below,deficient
Inter- Between
Intra- Within
Mal- Bad,poor,abnormal
Neo- New
Non- Not
Para- Near,beside
Per- Through
Peri- Around,surrounding
Poly- Many,excessive
Post- After
Pre- Before,in front of
Retro- Behind,backward,upward
Semi- Half
Sub- Below,under
Syn- Together,with
Tachy- Fast
Tri- Three
-algia Pain
-cyte Cell
-ectomy Surgical removal, excision
-emesis Vomit
-ernia Blood
-ism Condition
-itis Inflammation
-lepsy Seizure
-oid Resembling,like
-(o)logist Specialist in the study or treatment of
-(o)logy Study of
-oma Tumor
-osis Abnormal condition
-ostomy Creation of an opening
-otomy Incision into
-pathy Decreased number
-phobia Abnormal fear
-plasty Surgical repair
-pnea Breathing
-rrhea Flow,discharge
-sclerosis Hardening
-stasis Control,stop
Abdominal/o Abdomen
Arteri/o Artery
Arthr/o Joint
Ather/o Fat,fatty plaque
Audi/o Hearing,sound
Aur/o Ear
Bronch/o Bronchus
Bucc/o Cheek
Carcin/o Cancer
Cardi/o Heart
Cerebr/o Cerebrum
Coagul/o Clotting
Cyst/o Bladder,sac
Cyt/o Cell
Derm/o,dermat/o Skin
Electr/o Electricity
Encephal/o Brain
Erythr/o Red
Gastr/o Stomach
Gyn/o,gyn/e,gynec/o Woman
Hemat/o,hem/o Blood
Hepat/o Liver
Hydr/o Water,fluid
Hyster/o Uterus
Immune/o Protection
Lip/o Fat
Lymph/o Lymph
Muc/o Mucus
My/o Muscle
Narc/o Sleep
Nas/o Nose
Nephr/o Kidney
Neur/o Nerve
Ocul/o,opthalm/o,opt/o Eye
Or/o Mouth
Oste/o Bone
Pancreat/o Pancreas
Phelb/o Vein
Photo/o Light
Pneum/o Lungs,air
Proct/o Rectum
Psych/o,psych/i Mind or soul
Pulmon/o Lungs
Quadr/i Four
Rect/o Rectum
Ren/o Kidney
Rhin/o Nose
Septi Bacteria
Thorac/o Chest
Thromb/o Clot
Trache/o Trachea
Ven/o Vein
Cerebrospinal Pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
Cerebrovascular Pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supply it
Epidural Pertaining to the above the dura meter
Epilepsy A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
Menigitis Inflammation of the meninges of the brain
Neuralgia Nerve pain
Neurologist A physician who specializes in diseases of the brain
Schizophrenia A type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
Bradycardia Pertaining to a slow heart beat
Cardiologist A physician who specializes in diseases of the heart
Cardiomyopathy Disease of the heart muscle
Endocardium Membrane lining the cavities of the heart
Hypertension High blood pressure
Hypoxemia Too little oxygen in the blood
Myocarditis Inflammation of the heart muscle
Myocardium Heart muscle tissue
Pericardium Lining around the outside of the heart
Tachycardia Pertaining to a fast heart rate
Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi
Dyspnea Difficult,painful, or faulty breathing
Hypoxia A condition of deficient oxygen levels
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx
Pulmonologist Specialist in diseases of the lungs
Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose
Rhinorrhea Discharge from the nose
Spirometry Measurement of breathing
Stethoscope Instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds through the chest wall
Arthritis Inflammation of the joints
Bursitis Inflammation of the bursa, a fluid filled sac around the joints
Intramuscular Pertaining to within the muscle
Myalgia Muscle pain
Orthopedic Literally, means pertaining to straight foot-pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
Tendenitis Inflammation of the tendon
Endocrinolgy Study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
Hyperglycemia Too much sugar in the blood
Hyperthyroidism Condition of too much thyroid hormone
Hypokalemia Low blood potassium
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Autoimmune The disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
Immunocomproimised A condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
Lukemia A malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells, or leukocytes
Metastasis The spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
Anemia A blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin or the volume of packed red blood cells
Hematology Medical study of the blood
Myeloma Tumor of the bone marrow
Cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gall bladder
Cirrhosis Chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
Colonoscopy Process of viewing the colon
Dyspepsia The condition of indigestion, or of painful digestion
Dysphagia Pertaining to difficulty in eating or swallowing
Esophagitis Inflammation of the espohagus
Gastroenterologist Specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines
Nasogastric Pertaining to the nose and the stomach ie; a tube that travels from the nose to stomach
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Sublingual Pertaining to under the tongue
Nephrectomy Surgical removal of the kidney
Polyuria Condition in which one urinates excessively
Pyelonephritis Inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
Urologist Physician who specializes in conditions of the urinary system
Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva
Intraocular Pertaining to inside the eye
Opthalmologist Specialist in diseases of the eye
Optometry Process of measuring the eye
Photophobia Extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
Myringitis Inflammation of the typric membrane
Otisis Inflammation of the ear
Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Dermatologist Specialist in the study of diseaes of the skin
Epidermal Pertaining to the skin
Histology The study of tissues
Percutaneous Through the skin
Subcutaneous Pertaining to below the skin
Gynecologist A physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
Hysterectomy The surgical removal of the uterus
Mammogram An xray of the breast
Obstetrics The specialty pertaining to the care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy,childbirth, and the immediate postpartum period
Vasectomy Excision of part of the has defrens to produce male sterility
Absorption The amount of medication that enters the bloodstream or systemic circulation
Accreditation The process for granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria (usually refers to recognition of institute or program)
Adjudication Prescription claims adjudication refers to the determination of the insurer's payment after the member's insurance benefits are applied to a medical claim
Ambulatory pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
Aspetic technique The technique and procedures designed to prevent contamination of drugs, packaging,equipment or supplies by microorganisms during preparation
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications dispense them to nurses or other caregivers
Automated medication dispensing device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Average wholesale price (AWP) A commonly used Benchmark for billing drugs that are reimbursed in the community pharmacy setting. The AWP for a drug is set by the manufacturer of the drug
Beyond-use labeling A date that is given to a medication noting when it should no longer be used, also referred to as the expiration date.
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream
Brand name drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek, and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug product ts that are located in a central location,such as the pharmacy and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients
Centralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self centered location
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain qualifications specified by that agency or association. This recognition demonstrates that the certified individual has achieved a
Chain pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
Community pharmacy Generally a stand alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
Compounding Usually takes place in a pharmacy and includes the preparation, mixing, packaging,and labeling of a small quantity of a drug based on a practioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient
Controlled substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the federal controlled substances act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations. Controlled substances are subject to stricter controls than other prescription and non
Copayment (copay) The portion of the cost of a prescription that the patient is responsible for paying when a part of the cost is covered by a third party payer.
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. These services are often supported by a central pharmacy. A pharmacy satellite is an example of one form of decentralized pharmacy service
Direct purchasing Buying directly from a manufacturer. It typically involves the execution of a purchase order from the pharmacy to the manufacturer of the drug
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription
Drug distribution services The system used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient
Drug Enforcement Administration The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The DEA is part of the u.s. department of justice
Durable medical equipment Reusable equipment used for the treatment of illness or injury; ie wheelchairs
Electronic medication administration record (eMAR) A compound of the computerized patient record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient
Elixir A clear, sweet, flavored water and alcohol (hydroalcoholic) mixture intended for oral use
Excretion The irreversible removal of a drug or metabolite from a body fluid. The most common location of a drug excretion in the body is the kidneys, the biliary tract is another important route of excretion
Formulary A specific list of drugs that are included with a given prescription drug plan
Generic drug A drug that is no longer covered by s patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually resulting Ina significant reduction in cost
Hazardous material Any material that poses a risk to people,animals,property or the environment
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information
Hospital formulary An approved list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist though the mouth into the respiratory tract
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass such as the upper arm, thigh or buttock and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the blood stream
Intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body
Legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as "Rx only"
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure that public health, safety and welfare will be prot
Lozenge A hard, disk shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication Ina sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked
Mail order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to (not picked up by) the patients
Material data safety sheets Information sheets provided by manufacturers for chemicals or drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace. They provide information about the specific hazards of the chemicals or drugs used at the worksite, guidelines for their safe use and recommendatio
Medication administration record (MAR) A component of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient
Medication error Any error occcuring in the medication use process
Medication order A written, electronic, telephone or verbal request for a patient medication Ina n inpatient setting
Medication therapy management A service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes f
Created by: rosette518



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