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WGU IOC4 - Module 8


Relief Map Demonstrate contour of subject area with shaded lines or areas. Can be 3D.
Climate Map Contour lines or shading to demonstrate long-term weather conditions.
Political Map Use lines and or colors to demonstrate the boundaries of political entities (most common type of map). Used to demonstrate political boundaries, populations, and affiliations. ONLY MAP WITH BORDERS.
Road Map (or physical map) Colors, lines, symbols, tints, and shading to demonstrate physical characteristics of the subject area. (Landforms, mountains, lakes, rivers)
Cylindrical Projection Most successful flat maps. Visualizes the globe projected into a cylinder. Equator is tangent to globe and meridians are parallel to each other.
Conic Projection Introduced in 20th Century. Superimpose a cone on the globe, projecting the surface features on a flat map with the parallels as arcs of circles with the pole. Preserve shape and relationship but hard to understand.
Equal Area Projection Most useful projection maps used today. USe horizontal parallels. Usually split mid-ocean to maintain continuity of land masses.
Mercator This person created the 1st projection map in 16th century. Only used today to capture the correct shape of objects.
Robinson Modified equal area projection maps in the 20th century. Technically not equal area but orthophanic. Used by US Geographic Service.
Mollweide 1 of best equal area projection maps. (19th century)
Cardinal Direction N,S,E,W on a map
Mountains A landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area usually in the form of a peak.
Rivers A natural stream of water, usually freshwater, flowing toward an ocean, a lake, or another stream.
Bodies of Water Streams, Lakes, Rivers, Oceans ...
Scale Relative sizes of map and reality. Small scale = world map. Large scale = street map.
Borders define geographic boundaries of political entities or legal Jurisdictions, such as governments, states or sub-national administrative divisions. Only used on political maps.
Continents Zone of several large landmasses on Earth.
Created by: Joy3355