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Ab Psych Midterm (3)


what is psychosis? state defined by a loss of contact with reality; it is a symptom
what are the symptoms of psychosis? hallucinations, delusions, word salad, paranoia
what causes psychosis? substance induced, brain injury, schizophrenia
what is brief psychotic disorder? lasts for less than one month
what is delusional disorder? persistent non-bizarre delusion (could actually happen but isn't)
what is schizophrenaform? looks like schizophrenia but lasts for less than six months
what is schizoaffective disorder? combination of schizophrenia and mood disorder
what is shared psychotic disorder? two people living closely together sharing the same delusion
what is schizophrenia? symptomatic for up to six months, psychosis, neurogenerative disease
what are positive symptoms of schizophrenia? hallucinations, delusions, inappropriate affect, disorganized thinking/speech
what are the negative symptoms of schizophrenia? poverty of speech (algoria), flat affect, loss of motivation, socially withdrawn
what are the psychomotor symptoms of schizophrenia? awkward movements, repeated grimaces, odd gestures, catatonia (rigid state)
what are the three phases of schizophrenia? prodromal-negative symptoms, active-postive symptoms, residual-return to prodromal levels
what are the five subtypes of schizophrenia? disorganized-confusion, catatonic-psychomotor disturbance, paranoid-organized system of delusions, undifferentiated-fit no subtype, residual-symptoms have lessened in strength and severity
what is the difference between type one and type two? type one-dominated by positive symptoms; tied to biochemical abnormality > type two-dominated by negative symptoms; tied to structural abnormality
what is the biological view of schizophrenia? excess dopamine, abnormal brain structure; biological predisposition
why do brain abnormalities occur? exposure to viruses before birth
what is the treatment for schizophrenia? mileu (humanistic)-creating social climate that promotes responsibility and token economies (behavioral) based on rewards
what treatment is most effective? antipsychotic drugs
how long should schizophrenics be medicated? what else needs to happen? at least on year; individual and family needs to be educated
what types of therapy are most beneficial? psycho, insight, family and social therapy
what are the features of effective community care? coordinated services--short term hospitalization (few weeks), partial hospitalization (day center programs)
Created by: chipperchelsie