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Ab Psych Midterm (2)

Stress Disorders

what are stress disorders composed of? stressor-> event creating demand, stress response-> reaction to demand
what are people vulnerable to if they have stress disorders? anxiety disorders--gad, panic disorder, ocd, social phobia
what is trait anxiety? general level of anxiety
what is state anxiety? sense of threat; situational
what two pathways by which the ANS and endocrine system produce arousal and fear reactions? sympathetic nervous system releases norepinephrine and epinephrine; hypothalamic pituitary adrenal pathway releases corticosteroids (hormones
what are the two common disorders that develop after experiencing a trauma? acute stress disorder-symptoms begin within four weeks and last less than a month; post-traumatic stress disoder-symptoms begin at any time and last for more than a month
what are the symptoms of acute and post-traumatic stress disorder? reexperiencing the traumatic event, avoidance, detachment, increased arousal
why do people develop acute or post-traumatic stress disorder? abnormal levels of norepinephrine and cortisol from stress response, personality, negative childhood experiences, weak social support, severity of trauma
what is the four stage approach for therapy? normalize responses, encourage emotional expressions, teach self-help skills, provide referrals
Created by: chipperchelsie