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Psy 101: Test #1


Psychology is the science of... Behavior and mental processes
Structuralism Early school of psychology Break down experience into elements to see why we behave as we do
Functionalism Looks at why the mind works as it does (what is the adaptability)
Gestalt Look at wholes (people are whole)
Behaviorism Learning theory Only interested in observable behaviors
Psychoanalysis Conflicts in the unconscious mind Freud
Types of bias/ effect of bias/ how to control bias Personal, observer, expectancy Blind and double blind control
Ethics vs. morality Ethics- set of standards of a profession Morality- individual belief of right and wrong
Science vs. psuedoscience Science- based on objective, verifiable evidence Pseudoscience- rumor/myth/folklore
Types of descriptive designs Case study (observe one person for a period of time), naturalistic observation, interview and survey, experimental research
Scientific Method OPTIC- observe, predict, test, interpret, communicate
Three categories of psychology Experimental, applied, teaching
Seven perspectives of modern psychology Cognitive, developmental, biological (neuroscience), clinical, behavioral, trait (personality), and socio-cultural
Five types of research Experimental, correlational study (does not imply causation), interview & surveys, naturalistic observation, case studies
What is correlation? How is correlation measured? Two types of variables?
What are statistics? Three Measurements? What is standard deviation?
Evolution vs. mutation Evolution- gradual changes made to adapt Mutation- random and seldom adaptive
Polygenic vs. monogenic transmission Poly- more than one gene involved Mono- one gene involved
Genotype vs. phenotype Genotype- an organism's genetic make-up Phenotype- an organism's observable physical characteristics
What is epigenetics? How the environment changes gene expression (turns genes on or off)
What are the four principles of Behavioral genetics?
What are the two communication systems of the body? Nervous System (NS) Endocrine System
What are the three layers of the brain? Which part is most primitive? Brain stem, limbic system, and cerebrum The brain stem is the most primitive
What are the two components of the NS? Central Nervous System (CNS) Peripheral Nervous System
What is a neuron? Nerve cell that specializes in receiving, processing, or transmitting information to other nerve cells
What is plasticity? Ability for NS to adapt/change as a result of experience Sometimes helps NS adapt to physical damage
What is a synapse? Microscopic space between nerve cells, used to relay message
What are the three types of neurons? Sensory, motor, and inter neurons
Components of Peripheral NS
What is the endocrine system? What are the parts? Hormone system Pituitary, thyroid, sex glands
What does the endocrine system impact? Physical, emotional, and behavioral characteristics
Left brain characteristics
Right brain characteristics Memory for shapes and music, emotional responsiveness (artistic)
What does the limbic system regulate? Emotion
What are the three major neurotransmitters?
Is science a product or a process? Process
What are the three fields of science? Biological, physical, and social
What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist? Psychiatrist is an MD who can prescribe medications Psychologist is a PhD and cannot dispense medications
Created by: 787353221369635
Popular Psychology sets




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