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Acoustic encoding Sound
Semantic encoding Meaning
Visual encoding Picture
The MSM stores Sensory Register, Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory
Duration of Sensory Register Fractions of a second
Capacity of Sensory Register Separate stores for each sense
Duration of Short Term Memory 18 - 30 seconds
Capacity of Short Term Memory 7 (+/-2)
Duration of Long Term Memory Lifetime
Capacity of Long Term Memory Unlimited
Baddeley Acoustically similar/dissimilar words Semantically similar/dissimilar words
Sensory Register encoding Sense specific
Short Term Memory encoding Mainly auditory
Long Term Memory encoding Mainly semantic
Strength of MSM - has ____ support Research
Strength of MSM - has _____ lots of research Influenced
Weakness of MSM - too ____ Simple
Weakness of MSM - __/__ model Passive/Linear
Memory loss in Sensory Register Decay
Memory loss in Short Term Memory Decay + Displacement
Memory loss in Long Term Memory Decay + Interference + Retrieval Failure
Sparling Rate of forgetting from SR. Grid of letters
Peterson & Peterson Trigram duration of STM
P_____ Memories "knowing how" Procedural
D_____ Memories "knowing that" Declarative
'General' Memories (under D Memories) Semantic
'Personal' Memories (under D Memories) Episodic
Procedural memories are I_____ and A_____ Implicit and Automatic
Episodic memories are E_____ and usually include C_____ details Explicit and Contextual
Semantic memories are E_____ and usually start as E_____ Explicit and Episodic
Working Memory Model components Central Executive, Phonological Loop, Visuospatial Sketchpad, Episodic Buffer
Purpose of the Central Executive Runs everything; Allocates data to each subsystem; reasoning + decision making
Purpose of the Phonological Loop Store and process spoken + written information
Purpose of Visuospatial Sketchpad Store and process visual + spatial information
Purpose of Episodic Buffer Passes information between LTM and Working Memory
Capacity of Central Executive 1 piece of information
Coding of Central Executive Modality free
Capacity of Phonological Loop Spoken in 2 seconds
Coding of Phonological Loop Mainly acoustic
Capacity of Visuospatial Sketchpad 2-3 objects
Coding of Visuospatial Sketchpad Visual and spatial
Capacity of Episodic Buffer 4 pieces of information
Coding of Episodic Buffer Modality free
Baddeley et al Existence of visuo-spatial sketchpad. Dot of light, imagine a letter
Strength of WMM - K.F. Case study of
Strength of WMM - Real ___ _____ Real World Application
Weakness of WMM - Lack of _____ Lack of clarity
Parker et al - Hurricane Anxiety amount of damage to homes
Johnson & Scott Argument in other room
Yuille & Cutshall Real life shooting
Anxiety of seeing a weapon Weapon Focus
Attention focuses on source of anxiety Tunnel Theory
Stress raises physiological arousal Fight or Flight Response
Inverted-U Theory Yerkes-Dodson Law
Loftus & Palmer Smashed Hit Bumped
1st step of Cognitive Interview Report Everything
2nd step of Cognitive Interview Reinstate Context
3rd step of Cognitive Interview Reverse Order
4th step of Cognitive Interview Change Perspective
Created by: PaddyHoskin97
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