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Intro of Pharm Tech

Chapter 1 & 2 - Pharmacy & Health Care and the Pharmacy Technician

TermDefinition
antibiotic a substance which harms or kills microorganisms like bacteria and fungi
antitoxin a substance that acts against a toxin in the body
hormones chemicals produced by the body that regulate body functions and processes.
human genome the complete set of genetic material contained in a human cell. The Human Genome Project is an attempt to map the entire DNA sequence in the human genome. This info will provide a better understanding of hereditary diseases and how to treat them.
materia medica generally pharmacology, but also refers to the drugs in use
panacea a cure-all
pharmaceutical of or about dugs; also a drug product
pharmacology the study of drugs - their properties, uses, application, and effects
pharmacopeia an authoritative listing of drugs and issues related to their use.
synthetic combining simpler chemicals into more complex ones, creating a new chemical not found in nature
scope of practice what individuals may and may not do in their jobs
employers determine specific responsibilitites and tasks for Techs, monitor and document competency of Techs.
technicians individuals in health care who are given a basic level of training designed to help them perform specific tasks
malaria is derived from the bark of the Peruvian tree, "jesuit's powder," used along with preventive measures, helps keep this disease under control.
aspirin is made from salicylic acid from the bark of the willow tree to relieve pain
cocaine was the first effective local anesthetic, known as Jesuit's powder (Quinine)
Quinine is made from the bark of the Peruvian cinchona tree.
foxglove plant contains a drug that is used to treat heart disease
pharmacist is usually who dispenses the precribed medication to the patient
10 years is the length of time from the beginning of development of a new drug to FDA approval
1/6 is the number that the pharmceutical manufacturing industry devotes its income to research and development
patenting protects against illegal copying of new discoveries
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is required to ensure that durg is safe and effective for its intended use; to monitor a drug after it is marketed to ensure it works as intended and if it had any adverse effects
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability (HIPAA) 1996 makes health care providers responsible for the privacy and security of all identifiable patient health info
Protected Health Information (PHI) as same as HIPAA
OBRA Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act requires that the pharmacists provide counseling services to Medicaid patients
pharmacist an individual must graduate from an accredited college of pharmacy, pass a state licensing exam, and perform an intership working under a licensed pharmacist.
community pharmacies setting are the greatest area for the pharmacists and pharmacy technicians' employment
insurer manage the managed care
formularies lists of drugs appoved for used by managed care organizations
data information that is entered and stored into a computer
the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung, 3000 B.C. one of the first known practioners of "trial and error" drug testing,
Shen Nung Pen Tsao, 200 B.C. the first official Chinese phamacopeia listing 365 herbs for use in health treatment. This can be considered an early Chinese forerunner to the FDA approved drug list.
Watson and Crick, 1951 identified the structure of DNA
Imhotep, 3000 B.C. the first physician known by name and is called the Egyptian god of medicine
Hippocrates, 400 B.C. approach to medicine was based on careful observation and scientific reasoning.
Panacea the ancient Greek goddess of Medicinal Herbs
Banting and Charles Best, 1921 showed that an extract of hormone insulin lowered blood sugar in dogs and might be useful in the treatment of diabetes.
Alexander Fleming, 1928 discovered the antibiotic chemical, penincilin.
Louis Pasteur, 1864 showed that heat can be used to kill microorganisms associated with food spoilage
American Society of Health - System Pharmacists (ASHP) the leading association for pharmacists practicing in hospitals and other health-care system
Exam for the Certification of Pharmacy Technician (ExCPT) contains110 multiple choice questions
Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) and National Healthcareer Association (NHA) are the 2 organizations that perform pharmacy technician certification in the U.S.
Created by: Hip