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Ch. 38

Drug names

TermDefinition
skeletal muscle relaxant carisoprodol (Soma, Rela, Sodol), cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)
antiglaucoma drugs epinephrine, pilocarpine, timolol
topical medications Nitroglycerin, estrogen (Estraderm), scopalamine (Trans-Scop), clonidine (Catapres), and fentanyl (Duragesic)
Vitamins and minerals Centrum, Theragan, and Poly-Vi-Sol
antianginals nitroglycerin (Nitrostat)
antiarrhythmics amiodarone (Cordarone), nifedipine (Procardia)
anticoagulants Heparin, Warfarin
antiplatelet agents clopidegrel bisulfate (Plavix)
antihyperlipidemics atovastatin (Lipitor) exetimibe-simvastatin (Vytorin)
ACE inhibitor captropril (Capoten)
beta blockers metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
calcium channel blockers amlodipine (Norvasc)
vasodilators hydralazine (Apresoline)
cardiac glycosides digoxin (Lanoxin)
diuretics hydrocholorothiazide (HCTZ) furosemide (Lasix)
antidiabetics glucophage (Metformin)
reproductive hormones estradiol (Estraderm)
steroids hydrocortisone cream, prednisolone (Prednisone)
thyroid replacement hormone levothroxine (synthroid)
antacids Amphogel, Digel, Mylanta, and Maalox
Anti-reflux medication esomephrazole (Nexium), omeprazole (Prilosec), rantidine (Zantac), sulcrafate (Carafate)
laxatives and stool softeners milk of magnesia
antihistamines diphenhydramine (Benadryl), loratidine (Claritin), meclazine (Antivert)
bronchodilators aminophylline (Corophylline), theophylline (Theodur), albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin), metaproterenol (Alupent)
expectorants guiafenesin
steroid anti-inflammatories Predrisone, fluticasone (Flovent)
anaglesics morphine sulfate (MS Contin), Percocet
antianxiety/ sedative medications diphenhydramine (Benadryl), doxepin (Sinequan), hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril)
anticonvulsants phenytoin (Dilantin), valproic acid (Depakote), carbamezapine (Tegretol)
antidepressants alprazolam (Xanax), sertraline (Zoloft), and durexitine (Cymbalta)
anitparkinson medication lerodopa (Laradopa), levodopa/carbidopa (Sinemet)
antipsychotics risperdone (Risperdal), olanzapine (Zyprexia), and chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
antibiotics azithromycin (Zithromax), isoniazid (INH)
antivirals acyclovir ( Zovirax), zidovudine (AZT,Retrovir)
antifungals miconazole (Monostat)
anti-inflammatories ibuprofin (Motrin), meloxicam (Mobic), naproxin (Naprosyn), nambumetone (Relafen), and declofenac (Voltaren)
steroid suffix -sone
oral contraceptive suffix -diol
opiod anaglesics suffix -done -phone
local anesthetic -caine
diuretic suffix -mide -zide
antiviral suffix -vir
antilipemic suffix -statin
antibiotic suffix -cillin -cycline -micin -mycin -oxacin
antianxiety suffix -lam -pam
antihypertensive suffix -olol -pril
muscle relaxants side effects/ warnings also cause sedation, pt shouldn't drive
antiglaucoma drug side effects/ warnings pts with heart failure shouldn't take Timolol
vitamin and mineral side effects/ warnings vitamin A, D, E, and K are stored in body fat and can cause toxicity in large doses
Decongestant side effects/ warnings oral decongestants can cause BP to rise, use cation w/ pt who have HTN
bronchodilator side effects/ warnings nervousness, insomnia, tremors, anxiety, nausea, and vomiting
antiparkinson medication side effects/ warnings pt who has become toxic on meds may experience twitching or eye spasms
antidepresents side effects/ warnings monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) can interact with certain foods to cause severe hypertension
analgesics side effects/ warnings can cause drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, and slowing of respirations; addictive
antacid side effects/ warnings constipation and diarrhea
antineoplastic side effects/ warnings extremely toxic and causes severe side effects
anti-inflammatory side effects/ warnings heartburn, nausea, vomiting, ulcers, and can lead to heart attack and stroke especially in pts w/ heart disease, elderly are at higher risk of bleeding ulcers
antibiotic side effects/ warnings can cause nausea and vomiting when taken without food
thyroid replacement hormone side effects/ warnings if pt as too high a dose they will show signs of irritability and anxiety
steroid side effects/ warnings anabolic steroids can cause damage to the heart, nervous system, and kidneys.
vasodilator side effects/ warnings headache, nausea, dizziness with position change, and hypotension
diuretic side effects/ warnings thiazide and loop diuretics deplete k; if on k sparing diuretic pt should avoid foods high in k
cardiac glycoside side effects/ warnings medication causes heart to slow, ALWAYS CHECK APICAL PULSE, if under 60 check with supervisor side effects include dizziness, or fainting due to slowed pulse, yellow halos around lights are a visual symptom of digitalis toxicity
calcium channel blocker side effects/ warnings low blood pressure and dizziness with position change
beta blockers side effects/ warnings low blood pressure and dizziness with position change
ACE inhibitor side effects/ warnings low blood pressure and dizziness with position change
anticoagulant side effects/ warnings risk of internal and external bleeding problems increase, observe pt for tarry stool, bleeding gums, bleeding from rectum or vagina, and nosebleeds
antiarrhythmics side effects/warnings slows heart beat and decreases blood pressure
carisoprodol Soma, Rela, Sodol
cyclobenzaprine Flexeril
estrogen Estraderm
scopalamine Trans-Scop
clonidine Catapres
fentanyl Duragesic
nitroglycerin Nitrostat
amiodarone Cordarone
nifedipine Procardia
clopidegrel bisulfate Plavix
atovastatin Lipitor
exetimibe-simvastatin Vytorin
captropril Capoten
metoprolol Lopressor, Toprol XL
amlodipine Norvasc
hydralazine (Apresoline
digoxin Lanoxin
hydrocholorothiazide HCTZ
furosemide Lasix
glucophage Metformin
estradiol Estraderm
prednisolone Prednisone
levothroxine synthroid
esomephrazole Nexium
omeprazole Prilosec
rantidine Zantac
sulcrafate Carafate
diphenhydramine Benadryl
loratidine Claritin
meclazine Antivert
aminophylline Corophylline
theophylline Theodur
albuterol Proventil, Ventolin
metaproterenol Alupent
fluticasone Flovent
morphine sulfate MS Contin
doxepin Sinequan
hydroxyzine Atarax, Vistaril
phenytoin Dilantin
valproic acid Depakote
carbamezapine Tegretol
alprazolam Xanax
sertraline Zoloft
durexitine Cymbalta
lerodopa Laradopa
levodopa/carbidopa Sinemet
risperdone Risperdal
olanzapine Zyprexia
chlorpromazine Thorazine
azithromycin Zithromax
isoniazid INH
acyclovir Zovirax
zidovudine AZT, Retrovir
miconazole Monostat
ibuprofin Motrin
meloxicam Mobic
naproxin Naprosyn
nambumetone Relafen
declofenac Voltaren
Created by: rewebb