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IOC4 Test Review

Review of terms and concepts

QuestionAnswer
Where the Nez Perce are found. . . Pacific Northwest
Where the Pawnee are found. . . Nebraska/Platte River
Cherokee Tribe associated with. . . Trail of Tears
Mayans originated in. . . Yucatan
Olmecs settled on. . . Gulf Coast
Aztecs located in. . . Mexico
Document read to natives declaring Jesus as Christ, and that the pope had power to rule over all the Earth. Requerimeinto
Spanish soldiers Conquistadores
Describes Spaniards oppression of Native Americans Black Legend
The persecuted Puritans migrated to the New World in the 1630s Great Migration
Freedom of religion in Baltimore to anyone professing belief in Jesus Toleration Act
Columbus left Spain in. . . 1492
Discovered Pacific Ocean. Also crossed isthmus of Panama. Balboa
Conquered Aztecs Cortes
Three-year voyage around the world. Megellan
Subdued Incas in Peru Pizarro
Landed in Florida. Ponce de Leon
Divided land between Spain (New World) and Portugal (Africa) Treaty of Tordesillas
Cabot explored east coast of North America in. . . 1497
First European to sight New York Verrzonno
Leader who started Jamestown John Smith
Married Pocahontas. Introduced tobacco. John Rolfe
5 reasons Jamestown failed. Lack of food, Indian attacks, Malaria/disease, Concentration on gold, Leader didn't respond to wilderness challenges
Puritans left England because. . . They were upset with the church and King James
Mayor of Plymouth Sir Francis Drake
Founded Rhode Island Roger Williams
Founded Pennsylvania William Penn
Founded by James Winthrop as a refuge for Puritans Massachusetts Bay Colony
Helped shape Virginia and Maryland Climate and land
Virginia colonists given two ( ) of 50 acres each, immigrant colonists given one, individuals receive one each time they paid the passage of another individual Headright System
Headright system created. . . Increased division between wealthy landowners and the working poor
Allowed British East India Company to sell tea to British colonies without paying colonial tax Tea Act
Where the Nez Perce are found. . . Pacific Northwest
Where the Pawnee are found. . . Nebraska/Platte River
Cherokee Tribe associated with. . . Trail of Tears
Mayans originated in. . . Yucatan
Olmecs settled on. . . Gulf Coast
Aztecs located in. . . Mexico
Document read to natives declaring Jesus as Christ, and that the pope had power to rule over all the Earth. Requerimeinto
Spanish soldiers Conquistadores
Describes Spaniards oppression of Native Americans Black Legend
The persecuted Puritans migrated to the New World in the 1630s Great Migration
Freedom of religion in Baltimore to anyone professing belief in Jesus Toleration Act
Columbus left Spain in. . . 1492
Discovered Pacific Ocean. Also crossed isthmus of Panama. Balboa
Conquered Aztecs Cortes
Three-year voyage around the world. Megellan
Subdued Incas in Peru Pizarro
Landed in Florida. Ponce de Leon
Divided land between Spain (New World) and Portugal (Africa) Treaty of Tordesillas
Cabot explored east coast of North America in. . . 1497
First European to sight New York Verrzonno
Leader who started Jamestown John Smith
Married Pocahontas. Introduced tobacco. John Rolfe
5 reasons Jamestown failed. Lack of food, Indian attacks, Malaria/disease, Concentration on gold, Leader didn't respond to wilderness challenges
Puritans left England because. . . They were upset with the church and King James
Mayor of Plymouth Sir Francis Drake
Founded Rhode Island Roger Williams
Founded Pennsylvania William Penn
Founded by James Winthrop as a refuge for Puritans Massachusetts Bay Colony
Helped shape Virginia and Maryland Climate and land
Virginia colonists given two ( ) of 50 acres each, immigrant colonists given one, individuals receive one each time they paid the passage of another individual Headright System
Headright system created. . . Increased division between wealthy landowners and the working poor
Tax by Great Britain on sugar, molasses, wine, cloth and other goods. . .
Stiff British taxes on colonists on printed materials. . . Stamp Act
3 main causes of Revolutionary War. . . Tea Act, Sugar Act, Stamp Act
Said, "The pot is set to boil". . . John Adams, after the Stamp Act
4 reasons colonies declared Independence. . . Conflict between colonies and England, violated compact between colonists and England, wanted to separate from England, wanted right to liberty and pursuit of happiness
A bicameral legislature consists of . . . 2 houses
Main benefit of American two-party system. . . Allows for greater representation of the people
The house with equal representation. . . Senate
The house based on state population. . . House of Representatives
3 branches of government Executive, Legislative, Judicial
Parts of the Executive branch President, Vice-president, Departments, Independent Agencies
8 things the Executive branch can do. . . Approve or veto bills, make treaties, grant pardons and reprieves, enforce laws,commission officers to armed forces, Commander in Chief, head of state, appoints or removes cabinet members
Legislative branch consists of . . . The Senate and the House
4 things the Legislative branch can do. . . Coin money, maintain a military, declare war on other countries, regulate interstate and foreign commerce
4 things the House can do. . . Serve 2-year term, start tax laws, decide if government officials should go to trial before the Senate, can impeach
5 things the Senate can do. . . Serve 6-year term, confirm or disapprove treaties, confirm or disapprove presidential appointments, hold trial for government officials, can remove official from office
The highest court in the country--has judicial powers of the government Supreme Court
Lower than Supreme Court. Not created in the Constitution but Congress deemed it necessary. Federal Court
Group of electors selected by voters in each state and D.C. Electoral College
Reason for Electoral College. . . Framers wanted to incorporate systems within the government that would protect people and keep it from becoming a monarchy.
Federalists position on Electoral College. . . Wanted direct elections for President and Vice-President. 1 person=1 vote
Anti-Federalists position on Electoral College. . . Opposed direct elections. Feared general population lacked ability to choose the best candidate.
Number of members of Electoral College 538
Minimum number of state Electoral College votes 3
The belief that the U.S. had a divinely inspired mission to expand and spread democracy and freedom Manifest Destiny
Government forced 15,000 Cherokees to leave Georgia for Oklahoma Trail of Tears
Missouri could be a slave state but the rest of the Louisiana Purchase was to be free Missouri Compromise
Gave each territory the power to decide for itself if it was a free state or a slave state Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
Even though a black slave lived with his master in a free state, he was determined to still be a slave Dred Scott Decision of 1857
President who thought government should not interfere with the business cycle and people's lives during the Depression. Herbert Hoover
President who created The New Deal and served four terms Franklin Roosevelt
President that wanted to remain neutral during WWI but warned Germans they would be held accountable for any loss of American lives Woodrow Wilson
British passenger ship sunk by Germans during WWI Lusitanias
French passenger ship sunk by Germans in WWI Sussex
Lead to Woodrow Wilson entering WWI Germans went back on pledge to stop sinking merchant ships without warning
Peace settlement that ended WWI Treaty of Versailles
Anti-slavery extremist, John Brown, and his followers took 5 pro-slavery men from cabins in Kansas and murdered them Bleeding Kansas
5 events that fueled the pre-Civil War conflict over slavery Election of 1860, territorial expansion (Missouri Compromise), Fugitive Slave Act, Kansas-Nebraska Act, Bleeding Kansas
Represented educated property owners, supported the Constitution, argued the Constitution would enhance prosperity, protect rights and limit government Federalists
Represented small farmers, opposed ratifying the Constitution, feared the Constitution would eliminate state's rights, and give the president and courts too much power, feared the Constitution would fail to protect individual rights Anti-Federalists
3 important Federalists James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay
Importan Anti-Federalist Patrick Henry
Required Bill of Rights in Constitution Anti-Federalists
Majority of immigrant workers came from ? during the Industrial Revolution Europe
Congress authorized the founders to do what at the Constitutional Convention? Revise the Articles of Confederation
False coloring, 3-D shading, shows changes in altitude/elevation Relief Map
This map uses color and patterns to show. . . Climate Map
Detailed and accurate graphic representation of man-made and natural features, shows relative position of land elevation of mountains, landforms and bodies of water Topographical Map
Shows boundaries, divisions, capitals Political Map
Angular distance north or south from the earth's equator Latitude
Angular distance east or west from the Prime Meridian Longitude
The meridian of 0 degrees longitude which runs through Greenwich, England, and from which other longitudes are reckoned east and west Prime Meridian
Preserves shape of the globe, land masses are distorted in size but not shape, distortion more pronounced at the poles, only useful for shapes Mercator map/globe
Most used. Used by geographic services and most educational institutions. Equal-area and "right-appearing" Robinson map
3 geographical features that impact drawing of political lines Mountain ranges, major rivers, deserts
Long-term weather for at least 30 years Climate
3 components that create a biome Climate, plants, animals
2 factors that determine an area climate Air temperature and precipitation
Biomes are controlled by Climate
Freedom of expression Amendment 1
Right to keep and bear arms Amendment 2
Quartering of troops Amendment 3
Unreasonable searches and seizures Amendment 4
Rights of the accused in criminal cases; double jeopardy Amendment 5
Right to speedy and public trial Amendment 6
Jury trial in civil cases Amendment 7
Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment, and excessive bail Amendment 8
Unenumerated rights of the people Amendment 9
Reserved powers Amendment 10
Suits against states Amendment 11
Election of president and vice-president Amendment 12
End of slavery Amendment 13
Rights of citizens Amendment 14
Black voting rights Amendment 15
Introduced income tax Amendment 16
Direct election of senators Amendment 17
National prohibition Amendment 18
Women's voting rights Amendment 19
Change in timing of terms, sessions and inauguration Amendment 20
Repeal of national prohibition Amendment 21
Presidential term limits Amendment 22
Presidential electors to Electoral College for District of Columbia Amendment 23
Prohibition of poll tax Amendment 24
Presidential succession and disability Amendment 25
18-year olds voting rights Amendment 26
Congressional salary issues Amendment 27
Segregated public schools Plessy v. Ferguson
Judicial review Marbury v. Madison
Reversed public school segregation Brown v. Board of Education
Slaves still slaves even in free states Dred Scott v. Sanford
Abortion Roe v. Wade
Created by: kjwalker