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science (plants)

TermDefinition
cambium vascular tissue that produces xylem & phloem cells a plants grows
stomata small openings in the surface of most plant leaves that allow carbon dioxide, water, and oxygen to enter and exit flowering plant that produces a fruit containing 1 or more seeds; monocots & dicots
cuticle waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, & helps prevent water loss
xylem vascular tissue that former hollow vessels that transport substances, other than sugar, throughout the plant
phloem vascular tissue that forms, that transport dissolved sugar throughout a plant
monocot an angiosperm with 1 cotyledon inside its seed, flower parts in multiples of 3, and vascular bundles spread throughout the stem
dicot an angiosperm with 2 cotyledons in multiples of 4 & 5 and vascular bundles of rings
vascular plant plant with tube-like structures that move minerals, water, and other substances throghout the plant
non-vascular plant plant that absorbed water and other substances directly through its call walls instead of through tube-like structures
guard cells pairs of cells that surround the stomata and control their opening and closing
angiosperm a flowering plant that produces a fruit containing 1 or more seeds; monocots & dicots
gymnosperm vascular plants that do not flower, generally have needle-like or scale-like leaves & produce seeds that are not protected by fruit
celluose chemical compound made out of sugar; forms tangled fibers in the cell walls of many plants & provides structure and support
pioneer species the 1st organisms to grow in new or disturbed areas; break down rock and build up decaying plant material so other plants can grow
rhizoid thread-like structures that anchor nonvascular plants to the ground
Created by: boss21