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Matter

Vocabulary Cards

TermDefinition
buoyancy the tendency to float or rise in a fluid (liquid or gas)
conductivity the ability of a substance to conduct heat, sound, or electricity
mass the measure of the amount of matter in a solid, liquid, or gas (measured in grams)
odor the ability of a substance to give off a certain smell
condensation the changing of a gas into a liquid
evaporation the changing of a liquid into a gas
liquid a state of matter with a definite volume but without a definite shape
mixture 2 or more substances are mixed together but can be separated out because they are not chemically combined (think salad--you mix lettuce, tomatoes, carrots, etc. in a big salad bowl-they aren't chemically combined so you can separate those things back out)
precipitation water leaving the clouds as rain, snow, sleet, or hail
solid a state of matter in which material has a definite volume and shape
vapor particles of moisture suspended in air and visible as clouds, smoke, etc.
solvent the substance that dissolves another substance in a solution
boiling point temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas (changes depending on the substance)
density amount of matter in a given volume
melting point temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid
atom the smallest particle that has all the properties of the element
energy the ability to do work or cause a change
gas the state of matter that does not have a specific volume or shape and in which the particles are far apart
matter anything that has mass and takes up space
moleculees made from atoms
physical properties different ways to identify or describe an object, such as mass, volume, texture, size, shape, etc.
solution a mixture in which a substance breaks up into its most basic particles and spreads evenly through another substance
solute the substance that is dissolved in a solution
volume the space that an object takes up as expressed in cubic units
Created by: mrsgoodrich