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Carbon Connection

alkane a hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds; they are saturated hydrocarbons
alkene any substance that contains a carbon-carbon double bond
alkyne any substance that contains a carbon-carbon triple bond
atom the smallest particle of an element that retains the properties of that element
bond energy energy required to break a bond between atoms
carbon a naturally abundant non-metallic element that occurs in many inorganic and in all organic compounds
chemical bonding any of several force, especially the ionic bond, covalent bond, and metallic bond by which atoms or ions are bound (held) in a molecule or crystal
chemical property the ability of a substance to undergo chemical reactions and to form new substances
compressed natural gas fossil fuel substitute for gasoline, mady by compressing mainly methane
covalent a bond that holds two atoms together, which is formed by the sharing of a pair of electrons
compound a substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions
crude oil petroleum in its liquid form
dependent variable a variable that responds to the manipulated variable
element a substance in which all of the ataoms have the same atomic number; a substance that cannot be broken down into anything that is both stable and simpler
energy a source of usable power such as petroleum or coal
gasoline a volatile mixture of flammable hydrocarbons derived chiefly from crude oil and used principally as a fuel for internal combustion engines
hydrocarbon organic compounds of hydrogen and carbon whose densities, boiling points, and freezing points increase as their molecular weights increase.
hydrogen tasteless, odorless gas, the lightest element, occurring in water and organic compounds
Independent variable represents the factor being manipulated
intermolecular attractions forces between two molecules
intramolecular attractions forces between the atoms within the molecule
liquified petroleum gas a flammable mixture of propane and/or butane used in heating appliances and vehicles
molecular mass the sum of the masses of the atoms in a molecule
molecular formula a chemical formula that shows the number and kinds of atoms in a molecule
molecule a neutral chemically bonded group of atoms that act as a unit
natural gas a componet of crude oil composed mainly of methane
organic relating to or derived from living organisms containing the element carbon
oxygen tasteless, odorless, gaseous element essential to plant and animal life
petroleum a complex hydrocarbon occurring naturally in the earth in solid, liquid, or gaseous state
physical property a property that can be observed without changing the composition of a substance
structural formula a chemical formula that shows the arrangement of atoms in a molecule; each dash between two atoms indicates a pair of shared electrons
Created by: PRO Teacher jhaase