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Pharm Prefix/Suffix

Some common drug classes by prefix/suffix

QuestionAnswerExtra Info
-asone Corticosteriod Examples: betamethasone, dexamethasone, diflorasone
-bicin Antineoplastic; Cytotoxic Agent Ex: epirubicin, doxorubicin "The 'Bison' has cancer"
-bital Barbituate (sedative) Ex: phenobarbital
-caine Local Anesthetic Ex: lidocaine
Cef-, Ceph- Cephalosporin
-cillin Penicillin antibiotic
cort- Corticosteriod Ex: clocortolone, hydrocortisone, fludrocortisone
-cycline Tetracycline Antibiotic
-dazole Antihelmintic, Antibiotic, Antibacterial The WORM DAZzles in the sunlight, also squirms! (adverse effect seizures)
-dipine Calcium Channel Blocker, CCB
-dronate Biophosphonate; Bone Resorption Inhibitor Ex: alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate
-eprazole Proton Pump Inhibitor, PPI
-fenac NSAID Ex: bromfenac, diclofenac, nepafenac
-floxacin Quinolone Antibiotic
-gliptin Antidiabetic; inhibits DPP-4 enzyme Ex: linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin
-glitazone Antidiabetic; Thiazolidinedione Ex: pioglitazone, rosiglitazone; troglitazone
-iramine Antihistamine Ex: brompheniramine, pheniramine
-lamide Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor Tx: high IOP c glaucome Ex: methazolamide, dorzolamide
-mab Monoclonal Antibody (anti-chronic inflam diseases) Ex: Infliximab, Omalizumab
-mustine Alkylating Agent (chemo, antineoplastic) Ex: carmustine, lomustine, estramustine
-mycin Antibiotic, Antibacterial Ex: azithromycin, clindamycin, erythromycin, clarithromycin
-nacin Muscarinic Antagonist (anticholinergic) Tx: overactive bladder Ex: darifenacin, solifenacin
-nazole Antifungal Ex: fluconazole, tioconazole "Say 'na' to the shrooms!" (antifungal)
-olol Beta Blocker, BB Ex: atenolol, nadolol, metaprolol, timolol
-olone Corticosteriod Ex: fluorometholone, prednisolone, fluocinolone
-olone Anabolic Steroid Ex: nandrolone, oxandrolone, oxymetholone
-onide Corticosteriod Ex: budesonide, desonide, ciclesonide
-oprazole Proton Pump Inhibitor, PPI Ex: pantoprazole, dexlansoprazole
-parin Anticoagulant Ex: heparin, enoxaparin, dalteparin
-phylline Xanthine Derivative (bronchodilator) Ex: theophylline, dyphylline
-pramine Trycylic Antidepressant (TCA) Ex: clomipramine, imipramine, desipramine
Pred-, -pred- Corticosteriod Ex: prednisolone, prednisone, loteprednol, prednicarbate
-pril ACE Inhibitor Ex: benazepril, catopril, lisinopril, ramipril, enalapril
-profen NSAID Ex: ibuprofen, ketoprofen, fenoprofen, flurbiprofen
-ridone Atypical Antipsychotic Ex: Iloperidone, paliperidone, risperidone
-sartan Angiotensin 2 receptor Blocker, ARB Ex: valsartan, losartan, olmesartan, candesartan, irbesartan
-semide Loop Diuretic Ex: furosemide, tursemide
-setron Serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonsist (antiemetic/anti IBS) or antiemetic.antinauseant Ex: alosetron, ondansetron, dolasetron
-statin Statins (lower LDL/triglycerides) Ex: atorvastatin, lovastatin, simvastatin
Sulfa- Antibiotic, Anti-infective, Anti-inflammatory Ex: sulfasalazine, sulfamethoxazole
-tadine Antihistamine Ex: olopatadine, loratadine
-tadine Antiviral, Anti-influenza-A Ex: amANTadine, rimANTadine (look for the 'ant's that spread like a virus)
-terol Beta Agonist, Bronchodilator Ex: albuterol, salmeterol, levalbuterol
-thiazide Thiazide Diuretic Ex: chlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide
-tinib Antineoplastic (kinase inhibitor) Ex: imatinib, dasatinib, crizotinib
-trel Female Hormone Progestin Ex: desogestrel, etonogestrel, levonorgestrel, norgestrel
Tretin, -tretin-, -tretin Form of Vitamin A Ex: acitretin, tretinion, alitretinoin
-triptan Antimigraine, selective 5-HT receptor agonist Ex: almotriptan, eletriptan, rizatriptan
-tyline Tricyclic Antidepressant (TCA) Ex: amitriptyline, nortiptyline, protriptyline
-vir-, -vir Antiviral, Anti-hepatitis Ex: abacavir, ritonavir, nevirapine, efavirenz, ribavirin
-vir Antiviral, Anti-herpes Ex: acyclovir, valacyclovir
-vir Antiviral, Anti-flu Ex: oseltamivir, zanamivir
-vudine Antiviral, Nucleoside Analogues Ex: stavudine, zidovudine, lamivudine
-zepam Benzodiazepine Ex: clonazepam, diazepam, lorazepam
-zodone Antidepressant Ex: nefazodone, trazadone, vilazodone
-zolam Benzodiazepine Ex: alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam, triazolam
-zosin Alpha Blocker Ex: doxazosin, terazosin, afdalfuzosin
-afil Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor Examples: avanafil, sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil; Tx: ED, BPH, Pulm art htn
Created by: buckhunter06