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2/2, Pharm terms

Basic Pharm terms

TermDefinition
ADDICTION physical and psychological dependence on and craving for a drug
ADDITIVE ACTION Drug action in which the combination of 2 similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug
AEROSOL Particles of drug suspended in air
ANAPHYLAXIS Hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered drug or foreign protein
ANTAGONISTIC ACTION Combination of 2 drug gives less than an additive effect (action)
ANTIDOTE Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug
BRAND NAME Commerical name for a drug, trademark or trade name
CHEMICAL NAME Chemical formula for a drug
CONTRAINDICATIONS Factors that prevent the use of a drug or treatment
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES Drugs that produce tolerance and dependence, with potential for abuse or addiction
DEPENDENCE Prolonged use of a drug that may lead to physiological need for its actions in the body
DOSE Amount of drug administered, usually measured in milligrams
FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) US government agency, legally responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use.
GENERIC NAME Legal noncommercial name for a drug
IATROGENIC Condition caused by treatment drugs or procedure given by physicians or medical personnel
IDIOSYNCRATIC REACTION Unexpected effect produced in a particularly sensitive patient but not seen in most people
INHALATION Administration of drug in gaseous or vapor form thru nose or mouth
MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY Study of new drug synthesis, the relationship between the chemical structure and biological effects
MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY Study of interaction of drugs and their target molecules such as enzymes, or cell surface receptors
ORAL ADMINISTRATION Drugs given by mouth
PARENTAL ADMINISTRATION Drugs given by injection into the skin, muscles or veins route. eg. IV. IM. ID
PHARMACIST Specialist in preparing and dispensing drugs.
PHARMACY Location and study for preparing and dispensing drugs.
PHARMCODYNAMICS Study of effects and strength of a drug within the body
PHARMACOKINETICS Study of drug concentration in tissues and body fluids over a period of time
PHARMACOLOGIST Specialist in the study of the properties, uses, and actions of drugs.
PHARMCOLOGY Study of the preparation, properties, uses and actions of drugs