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Appendix C 1665 OP

Terminology

TermDefinition
Automated Dispensing Technology Electronic storage cobinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed
Automated Medication Dispensing Device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains and inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner
Bioavalibility Thepercentage of an administrated dose of medication that reaches the blood stream
Brand-Name Drug A drug that is covered by a patient & is thetrefore only avalible from a single manufacturer
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket betweem the cheek and gum & is absorbed through the cheek into the blood stream
Centralized Dispensing Automation Technology that assist in the section and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use barcodes scanning to select and label drug products for patients
Centralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from location ( usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personell, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self contained location
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association. This recognition demonstrated that the certified individual
Chain Pharmacy A pharmacy that is a part of a large number of corparatly owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
Community Pharmacy Generally a stand alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication servcices to ambulatory patients
Controlled Substances Drugs or chemical substance whose possession & use are regulated under the federal controlled substance act & by state controlled substance laws & regulations. Controlled substances are subject to stricter controls than other prescrip & non prescrip
Decentralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. These services are often supported by a central pharmacy. Ex. A pharmacy Satellite
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authurized by a prescription
Drug Distribution Services The systems used to distribute medications that begin when the medication is recieved by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotices and other dangerous drugs. The DEA is part of the U>S>Deprt, of Justice
Expectorante To cough up or spit
Generic Drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patient and is therefore generally avalible from multipule manufactures usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost
Health Insurance Probablity & Accountability Act (HIPPA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidlines for the protection of patients private health information
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respitory tract
Intracadiac Injected directly into the heart muscle
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm,thigh ,or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the blood stream
Intraperioneal Administered into the pertitoneal space (abdominal cavity)
Intrapleural Administered into the peritoneal space (abdominal cavity)
Intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord
Intravenous Injected into a vein and therefore immediatly avalible to act in the body
Legend Drug A drug that is requiered by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as "Rx Only"
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure that public health , safety, and wellfare will be p
Lozenge A hard, disk- shaped solid medication dosage form the contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked
Mail order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, which pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to patients
Medication Order A written, elctronic , Telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting
National Drug Code (NDC) Number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification
Ointment A semi solid medication dosage form, appliec to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates & softens or is used as a base for drug delivery
Over - The - Counter (OTC) Drugs Drugs that are avalible without a prescription
Parenteral A route of medicaytion administration that by passes the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration
Patient counseling The act of educating a patient , by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing
Pharmacist A health care professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy. Pharmacist have advance training in the pharmaceutical sciences, such as pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmaceutics
Pharmacy Satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services
Professional A person who practices an occuptiation or vacation that requiers advance specilized training
Professionalism Actrively demonstrating the attitudes, qualitys, and behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession
Prescription The written or verbal authorization , by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmasutical agent for an individual patient.This term also referes tot he physical product dispensed
Practice of pharmacy Regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations. The state laws and regulations established the responsibilitys of the practice of pharmacy in the particular state
Primary prescription A label on a dispensed drug product, that contains legally requiered information, including pharmacy name & address, patient name, prescriber name, drug name, directions for use, date dispensed, cautionary statements, sequential prescription number.
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list. A pharmacy technician may be requiered to be registered with the state board of pharmacy before being able to legally carry out some pharmacy fuctions.
STAT Abbreviation of the Latin word statin, meaning immedeatly. Commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for ther drug right away
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
Subgingival Administarted via the subgingival space, space between the tooth and the gum
Sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it disolves & is absorbed into the blood stream
Transdermal Through the skin ; percutaneous
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails,& hair
Technician An individual skilled in th epractice of practical or mechanical aspects of a profession. A pharm tech assist the pharmasist by performing routine, day- to- day functions of the practice of pahrmacy that do not requier the judgment of a pharmacist
Primary Prescription (continued) Initials or name of dispensing pharmasist,quantity dispensed, number of refills expiration date, and lot number
Created by: opeterkin