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Chapter 9/10 vocab

Heat and Gas

Chemical Energy is energy stored in the bonds of atoms and molecules
Potential energy stored energy and the energy of position
Kinetic energy is motion — of waves, electrons, atoms, molecules, substances, and objects.
Radiant Energy is electromagnetic energy that travels in transverse waves
Thermal Energy heat, is the vibration and movement of the atoms and molecules within substances
Mechanical Energy is energy stored in objects by tension
Motion Energy is energy stored in the movement of objects
Gravitational Energy energy stored in an object's height. The higher and heavier the object, the more energy is stored
Electrical Energy is delivered by tiny charged particles called electrons, typically moving through a wire
Sound Energy the movement of energy through substances in longitudinal (compression/rarefaction) waves.
Energy The ability to do work
Conduction when two objects are at the same temperature
Radiation Heat transfer through electromagnetic waves
Thermodynamics The study of how heat moves
Specific Heat amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius
Insulator a material that will NOT easily conduct an electric current
Conductor a material which electricity, heat or sound can flow through.
Thermal expansion the tendency of matter to change in volume in response to a change in temperature
Temperature the average kinetic energy
Created by: trinityholmes