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Comp. 16 Review

What rule relates Penicillins and Cephalosporins? Many patient's allergic to Penicillin's have a 10%cross-sensitivity or possibility they will also be allergic to Cephalosporins.
What is a drug? Any substance that can be used to modify a chemical process or processes in the body.
What is an OTC drug? A drug that does not require a prescription.
What is a legend drug? A drug requiring a prescription.
What is an Analgesic drug? Give one example. A pain related drug used to block or reduce the perception of pain but not its cause. EX: Tylenol (acetaminophen)
What is an Anti-Infective drug? List 4 examples. A drug used to kill an infectious agent or inhibit it from spreading. EX: Diclox (dicloxacillin), Vancocin (vancomycin), Keflex (cephalexin), Azactam (aztreonam)
What does an Anti-Anginal do? List 3 examples. Increases cardiac blood flow thus increasing oxegyn supply while decreasing the workload of the heart, which decreases its demand for oxegyn. EX: NitroStat, Isoptin, Tenormin
What does a Bronchdilator do? List 2 examples. Decongests the Bronchiole tubes. EX: Proventil (albuterol), ProAir HFA (albuterol)
What does an Asthmatic do? List 2 examples. Treats various conditions associated with asthma. EX: Aerobid (flunisolide), Azmacort (triamcinolone)
What does a Corticosteriod do? List 2 examples. Reduces inflammation associated with asthma. EX: Flovent (fluticasone), Pulmicort (budesonide)
What does a Xanthine Derivative do? List 2 examples. Reduces frequency of asthma attacks, increases heart rate and alertness. EX: Theo-Dur (theophylline), Serevant (salmeterol xinafoate)
What does an Anti-Histamine do? List 2 examples. Prevent allergic reactions, reduce nausea, and may increase sedation. EX: Benadryl (diphenhydramine), Claritin (loratadine)
What does a Decongestant do? List 2 examples. Increases drainage and reduces congestion by shrinking mucous membranes. EX: Sudafed (pseudoephedrine), Neo-synephrine (phenylephrine)
What does an Antitussive do? List 2 examples. Suppresses cough EX: Delsym (dextromethorphan), Benadryl (diphenhydramine)
What does an Expectorant do? List 2 examples. Decreases the thickness of phlegm from the lungs which aide in its expulsion EX: Robitussin (guaifenesin), Water
What are the different types of Antidiabetics? List 2 examples. Insulins, Sulfonylureas (1st & 2nd gen.), Bigaunides, Thiazolidinediones's EX: Glucophage (metformin), Troglitazone (generic only)
What are the different types of Antiemetics? List 2 examples. Dopamine Antagonists, Seratonin Antagonists EX: Reglan (metoclopromide), Kytril (granisetron)
What are the different types of Anti-Hyperlipidemics? List 2 examples. Bile-Acid Sequestrant, HMG CoA Reductase Inhibitor's, Fibric Acid Derivatives, Miscellaneous EX: Tricor (fenofibrate), Mevacor (lovastatin)
What are the different types of Anti-Hypertensives? List 2 examples. Beta-Blockers, Alpha-Blockers, Diuretics (5-TLPCO), Angio-tensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE Inhibitors), Calcium Channel Blockers, Centrally Acting Alpha-Adgrenic Blockers EX: Tenormin (atenolol), Cardura (doxazosin)
What are the different types of Anti-Hypertension: Diuretics? List 1 drug each. Thiazides-HCTZ (hydrochlorothiazide), Loop-Lasix (furosemide), Potassium Sparing-Dyazide (hydrochlorothiazide &triamterene combination), Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors-Diamox (acetazolamide), Osmotic- Glycerin
What are the different types of Anti-Infectives? Penicillins, Cephalosporins (1st-5th Gen.), Monobactams, Glycopeptide Antibiotics, Aminoglycosides, Macrolides, Tetracyclines, Sulfonamides, Quinolones/Fluroquinalones, Antituberculosis agents, Anti-Fungals, -Azoles
List 3 examples of Anti-Infectives. EX: Diflucan (fluconazole), Cipro (ciprofloxacin), Rifadin (rifampin)
What are the different types of Gastrointestinal drugs? List 2 examples. Antacids, Gastric Mucosal Agents, Histamine (H2) Receptor Antagonist, Proton Pump Inhibitors, Anti-Diarreals, Laxatives and Stool Softeners EX: Dulcolax (bisacodyl), Mylanta
What are the different types of Cardiac Drugs? List 2 examples. Anti-Anginals (5NCABA), Vasopressors, Glycosides EX: Lanoxin (digoxin), Timoptin (timolol)
What are the different types of Cardiac: Anti-Anginals? List 1 drug each. Nitrates-NitroStat (nitroglycerin), Calcium Channel Blockers-Isoptin (verapamil), Antiarrhythmics-Pronestyl (procainamide), Vasopressors-Dobutrex (dobutamine), Glycosides-Lanoxin (digoxin)
What are the different types of Hematologic Agents? List 2 examples. Coagulating Enhancers, Anti-Coagulation Agents, Anti-Platlet Agents, Thrombolytic Enzymes, Hemostatic Agents, Hematopoietic EX: Epogen (epoetin), Coumadin (warfarin)
What are the different types of Hormone Related Agents? List 2 examples. Thyroid Hormones/ Hypothyroid Agents, Hyperthyroid Agents, Oral Contraceptives, Ovulation Stimulants, Oxytocic and Tococlytic Agents, Androgens, Anti-Androgen Agents, Anabolic Steroids EX:Proscar (finasteride), Testosterone
What are the different types of Immunological Agents? List 2 examples. Immune Globulins, Immunosuppressives EX: IgA, Restasis (cyclosporine)
What are the different types of Muscle and Bone Related drugs?List 2 examples. Neuromuscular Blockers, Skeletal Muscle Relaxants, Bone Disorder Agents EX: Vecuron (vecuronium) Soma Compound (carisoprodol)
What are the different types of Ophthalmic drugs? List 2 examples. Anti_Glaucoma Agents, Ophthalmic Mydriatics, Other Ophthalmic Agents EX: Pilocar (pilocarpine), atropine
What are the different types of Pain Related Agents? List 2 examples. Analgesic Agents, NSAID, Opiods, Int-Migraine (Tryptans), Anasthetics; Local & General (Inhalation, Intravenous) EX: Xylocaine (lidocaine), Roxicodone (oxicodone)
What are the different types of Psychotropic Agents? Anti-depressants, Anti-Psychotics
What are the different types of Psychotropic Agents: Anti-Depressants? Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOI's), Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCA's), Selective Seratonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI's), Selective Seratonin Reuptake Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SSNRI's)
What are the different types of Psychotropic Agents: Anti-Psychotics? Phenothiazine's, Sedative-Hypnotics, Benzodiazepines
What are the different types of Respiratory Drugs? List 1 examlpe each Asthmatic-Azmacort, Bronchodilators-ProAir HFA, Corticosteriods-Flovent, Xanthine Derivatives-Serevent, Anti-Histamines-Benadryl, Decongestants-Sudafed, Anti-Tussives-Delsym, Expectorants-Robitussin
List 2 beta-blockers and 2 Calcium Channel Blockers . Beta-Blockers: Tenormin (atenolol), Inderal (propranolol) Calcium Channel Blockers: Isoptin (verapamil), Imdur (iosorbide mononitrate)
What are the four drugs classified for gout and their intended use. Colchicine-Used to prevent gout attacks, Zyloprim (allopurinol)-Decreases uric acid production, Anturane (sulfinpyrazone) & Benemid (probenecid)-Increases uric acid production
Why are Cephalosporin's divided into generations? Divided based on their improved activity.
Define Poison. Any drug known to the pharmacuetical or medical profession that is liable to be destructive to adult human life if taken in quantities of 60 grams or less.
What is the usual minimum requirment for poison labeling? Container label bears the name of the substance,the word poison and the name and place of the business seller.
What is the purpose for the Poison Prevention Packaging Act? To keep children from swallowing the pills resulting in injury or death.
What prescription drugs are exempt from the Poison Prevention Packaging Act restrictions? Most non-prescription drugs, some prescriptions drugs, sublingual nitroglycerin, chewable forms of isosorbide dinitrate.
When may the pharmacy dispense a drug in a "NON CHILDPROOF" container? When the doctor requests, the patient requests, for use inpatient, nursing homes.
Define Placebo. Pills that have no effect, sugar pills.
When do patients most often recieve placebos? For clinical studies.
What are the two components of a Placebo Reaction? Anticipation and coincedence.
What is the Placebo effect? The feeling of getting better after being treated with placebos.
What makes a drug important? 1st: That the drug is or was used to treat a large number of people with a range of problems; 2nd: Because a drug has led the way, showing it is possible to treat a disease.
What has resulted from the careless use of penicillin and many drugs like it? Germs have developed resistance.
Insulin is a form of hormone therapy, true or false? True.
By nearly universal acclaim foremost among the most dreadful scourges of humanity was: Smallpox.
What was the first drug used as an anasthetic? Ether
What was the first drug shown to treat simple pain? Aspirin
Name the two breakthrough drugs that benefited heart patients. Lanoxin (digoxin) Lasix (furosemide)
Name three online resources. PubMed, Medline, Orange Book.
Name three in class references. Physician's Desk Reference, Facts and Comparisons, Brand-to-generic handbook.
What should a technician do when approached with a drug information request over the telephone or in person? Identify themeselves as a pharmacy technician so the person asking the question will know what type of information may be appropriately asked.
Created by: Brittneypirahna