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Theatre Appreciation

Exam2 Knowledge

Giorgi Paoli Founded opera
Grand Opera genre of the 19th century; generally in 4 or 5 acts; normally with plots based on/around dramatic historic events
Operetta small opera with the same highly trained voices as Grand Opera; dialogue is allowed to be spoken instead of sung like Grand Opera.
Recitative a style of deliveries in Opera in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of speech.
Ballad Opera opera for the common people, relies heavily on folk songs and melody. Most famous title "The Beggars Opera".
Musical Revue a collection of comedic sketches and musical numbers but with no overall through story. Think of Florenz Ziegfield.
Burlesque known today as a "naughty show"
Minstrel Show basically a show performed by white people wearing blackface in the 19th century; after the U.S. Civil War black people were featured in it also wearing blackface
Book Musical a truly american theatre form
The Black Crook Melodrama plus dancing plus sex which made money
Musical Play form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken, dialogue, acting, and dance.
Showboat created in the 1920s with lyrics by Hammerstein, music by Kern, and produced by Ziegfield. Represents a step forward in including a significant storyline in a musical.
Of Thee I Sing created in the 1930s with lyrics and music by George and Ira Gershwin; first musical to win a Pulitzer prize; a political satire
Oklahoma created in the 1940s with lyrics by Hammerstein, music by Rogers and introduced a choreographer Agnes DeMille.
Rogers & Hammerstein an influential, innovative, and successful American musical theatre writing team
Agnes DeMille dancer and choreographer who introduced formal dance to a wide audience.
West Side Story created in the 1950s with lyrics by Sondheim and Music by Bernstein and the Director/Choreographer Jerome Robbins. Retelling of the 'Romeo and Juliet' through gangs in NYC. Tells most of the story through dance.
Jerome Robbins choreographer of West Side Story.
Acting as Imitation and Revelation aristotles theory
Commedia Del’Arte (first improvisational theatre) developed during the Italian Renaissance, was the world’s 1st improv comedy. This was one of the earliest professional groups of actors to perform during this period. It relied upon SCENARIOS, rather than scripts, & made use of STOCK CHARACTERS
Stock Characters stereotypical characters that appeared in the productions over and over again
Scenarios an outline of the plot of the dramatic work, giving particulars as to the scenes, characters, and situations
Delsarte’s technique of acting involved over 300 physical body positions for the actor to convey emotional states to the audience. This was the standard into the 1920s
Stanislavski’s technique of acting creating honest, consistent, believable characters. Analysis of the play and the actor’s character’s part is in the play is vital.
“An Actor Prepares” the first of Konstantin Stanislavski's books on acting
Training mind, body, and voice The actor must also train the voice in order to be heard (PROJECTION) and understood (DICTION). Training the body so that the actor does not injury himself or others
Mimetic instinct
Projection, Diction, and Dialect
Forced Perspective
Stock Settings
Antiquarian movement
Wing and Drop
Appia & Craig
Objectives of scene design
Ground Plan
Properties (Props)
Line – Composition – Texture – Color
Argand Oil Burner
Chestnut Street Theatre
Advantages/Disadvantages of gas lighting
Lime Light
Carbon Arc Spotlight
Xenon Lamp
Lighting last added, but most technologically advanced
Objectives of light design
Spotlight, Footlight, Area Light, Strip Light
Hanging and Focusing lights
Light Plot
Intensity – Color – Direction – Form
Objectives of costume design
Cothurnos, Onkos, and Masks
Pulling and Building costumes
Line – Color – Fabric – Accessories
Directional, Floor, and Handheld mics
Reason(s) for stage make-up
Created by: FaithRaquel2015