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Specialties Vocab

Test 2/16/09

QuestionAnswer
Desertion; refusal to treat a patient without notice Abandonment
The treatment of the apex of the root canal in a tooth that is necrotic Apexification
Pulpotomy of permanent tooth whereby pulp vitality is maintained; allowing time for the root end to develop and close Apexogenesis
Pulpal inflammation that extends into the periapical tissues Apical periodontitis
Removal of the apex of the tooth and infection surrounding the area Apicoectomy
Formation of a thin black to dark brown line slightly above the gingival and following the contour of the gingival margin; found primary in women and often in cases of excellent oral hygiene. Black Line Stain
Moving tissue from one area to another; adding bone or a bone substitute to fill areas Bone grafting
Bone loss caused during periodontal disease (may be vertical or horizontal) Bone resporption
Teeth Grinding Bruxism
Hard, calcified deposit of mineralized plaque that forms on teeth, restorations, and dental appliances; also known as tartar. Calculus
Swelling and discomfort of facial tissues caused by an abscess Cellulitis
A mild abrasive used in some prophylactic pastes; also known as whitning. Chalk
A process by which an agent encloses or grasps a toxic substance and makes it nontoxic. Chelating
Exposed coronal portion of the crowns Clinical crown
Procedure whereby coronal surfaces of the teeth are polished with rubber cups, brushes, an abrasive, polishers, and dental tape Coronal Polish
A condition caused by an excess intake of fluorides during tooth development; enamel surface appears mottled and stained but is caries free. Dental Fluorosis
To remove pulpal contents Extipate
Discolorations on the outside of the tooth structure that can be removed by scaling and polishing Extrinsic Stains
Pus Exudate
A tube-like passage from an abscess to the external surface; used to drain the abscess Fistula
Commercially prepared pastes with the addition of fluoride Fluoride Prophylaxis Pastes
Complete surgical removal of the frenum, including the attachment to the underlying bone Frenectomy
Procedure in which tissue is taken from one site and places on another Gingival grafting
Surgical removal of diseased gingival tissue Gingivectomy
Reshaping of the gingival tissue to remove such deformities as clefts, craters, and enlargements; performed only to recontour the gingiva Gingivoplasty
Discoloration most often found in children; found on the facial surface of the maxillary anterior teeth at cervical third, containing chromogenic bacteria and fungi; varies from light to dark green or yellowish - green Green Stain
A technique that uses barrier membrande to maintain a space between the gingival flap and the root surface of the tooth in order for tissues to regenerate in a periodontal defect Guided tissue regeneration
Hard, calcified deposits (mineralized plaque) firmly attached teeth, restorations, and dental appliances; also called calculus or tartar Hard deposits
Material or substance that retains moisture Humectant
Discoloration, usually permanent, inside the tooth Intrinsic
Inflammation of the pulpal tissue to the point where is cannot recover; treatment includes root canal or extraction Irreversible Pulpitis
A medical device that generates a precise beam of concentrated light energy Laser
Soft, bulky, cottage-cheese like mass of food debris and bacterial growth that collects in gooves and space on teeth, gingiva, and appliances; provides the source for plaque environment. Materia Alba
The pulp of the tooth that does not respond to sensory stimuli Non-vital pulp
Process of alleviating areas with an excessive force Occlusal Equilibration
Thin, clear film of insoluble proteins, fats, and other materials from saliva that forms within minutes of removal; may protect enamel or provide breeding ground for plaque and calculus Pellicle
Surgical separation of the gingiva from the underlying tissue Periodontal flap surgery
Death of pulpal cells; often results from irreversible pulpitis Pulpal necrosis
non-vital pulp therapy involving tooth extraction and complete removal of the pulp Pulpectomy
Removal of pulp exclusively in the coronal portion of the tooth Pulpotomy
Movement of gingival tissue away from the tooth Recession
Inflmmation of the pulp caused by an irritant; when irritant is removed, the pulp heals Reversible Pulpitis
Technique to remove plaque, calculus, and stains from the surfaces of the teeth Scaling
Movement of the tooth within the socket Tooth mobility
Receding of the alveolar bone verically on individual teeth and the interproximal surface Vertical bone resorption
Term used to describe healthy pulp Vital pulp
Discolorations of the teeth usually associated with poor oral hygiene and plaque; dull yellow to light brownish yellow stains
Desertion; refusal to treat a patient without notice Abandonment
The treatment of the apex of the root canal in a tooth that is necrotic Apexification
Pulpotomy of permanent tooth whereby pulp vitality is maintained; allowing time for the root end to develop and close Apexogenesis
Pulpal inflammation that extends into the periapical tissues Apical periodontitis
Removal of the apex of the tooth and infection surrounding the area Apicoectomy
Formation of a thin black to dark brown line slightly above the gingival and following the contour of the gingival margin; found primary in women and often in cases of excellent oral hygiene. Black Line Stain
Moving tissue from one area to another; adding bone or a bone substitute to fill areas Bone grafting
Bone loss caused during periodontal disease (may be vertical or horizontal) Bone resporption
Teeth Grinding Bruxism
Hard, calcified deposit of mineralized plaque that forms on teeth, restorations, and dental appliances; also known as tartar. Calculus
Swelling and discomfort of facial tissues caused by an abscess Cellulitis
A mild abrasive used in some prophylactic pastes; also known as whitning. Chalk
A process by which an agent encloses or grasps a toxic substance and makes it nontoxic. Chelating
Exposed coronal portion of the crowns Clinical crown
Procedure whereby coronal surfaces of the teeth are polished with rubber cups, brushes, an abrasive, polishers, and dental tape Coronal Polish
A condition caused by an excess intake of fluorides during tooth development; enamel surface appears mottled and stained but is caries free. Dental Fluorosis
To remove pulpal contents Extipate
Discolorations on the outside of the tooth structure that can be removed by scaling and polishing Extrinsic Stains
Pus Exudate
A tube-like passage from an abscess to the external surface; used to drain the abscess Fistula
Commercially prepared pastes with the addition of fluoride Fluoride Prophylaxis Pastes
Complete surgical removal of the frenum, including the attachment to the underlying bone Frenectomy
Procedure in which tissue is taken from one site and places on another Gingival grafting
Surgical removal of diseased gingival tissue Gingivectomy
Reshaping of the gingival tissue to remove such deformities as clefts, craters, and enlargements; performed only to recontour the gingiva Gingivoplasty
Discoloration most often found in children; found on the facial surface of the maxillary anterior teeth at cervical third, containing chromogenic bacteria and fungi; varies from light to dark green or yellowish - green Green Stain
A technique that uses barrier membrande to maintain a space between the gingival flap and the root surface of the tooth in order for tissues to regenerate in a periodontal defect Guided tissue regeneration
Hard, calcified deposits (mineralized plaque) firmly attached teeth, restorations, and dental appliances; also called calculus or tartar Hard deposits
Material or substance that retains moisture Humectant
Discoloration, usually permanent, inside the tooth Intrinsic
Inflammation of the pulpal tissue to the point where is cannot recover; treatment includes root canal or extraction Irreversible Pulpitis
A medical device that generates a precise beam of concentrated light energy Laser
Soft, bulky, cottage-cheese like mass of food debris and bacterial growth that collects in gooves and space on teeth, gingiva, and appliances; provides the source for plaque environment. Materia Alba
The pulp of the tooth that does not respond to sensory stimuli Non-vital pulp
Process of alleviating areas with an excessive force Occlusal Equilibration
Thin, clear film of insoluble proteins, fats, and other materials from saliva that forms within minutes of removal; may protect enamel or provide breeding ground for plaque and calculus Pellicle
Surgical separation of the gingiva from the underlying tissue Periodontal flap surgery
Death of pulpal cells; often results from irreversible pulpitis Pulpal necrosis
non-vital pulp therapy involving tooth extraction and complete removal of the pulp Pulpectomy
Removal of pulp exclusively in the coronal portion of the tooth Pulpotomy
Movement of gingival tissue away from the tooth Recession
Inflmmation of the pulp caused by an irritant; when irritant is removed, the pulp heals Reversible Pulpitis
Technique to remove plaque, calculus, and stains from the surfaces of the teeth Scaling
Movement of the tooth within the socket Tooth mobility
Receding of the alveolar bone verically on individual teeth and the interproximal surface Vertical bone resorption
Term used to describe healthy pulp Vital pulp
Discolorations of the teeth usually associated with poor oral hygiene and plaque; dull yellow to light brownish yellow stains
Created by: kschildan
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