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American core ideals liberty, equality, self-government, individualism, diversity & unity.
Civil Liberties restraining the governments power agianst ind.
Civil Rights Rights all indi. share as provided for in the 1st amendment
Basic Ideas 1.respect human dignity 2.equality before the law 3.free &open elections 4.decision by the majority rule, respect for minority
Basic Principles of Dem. 1.est. by constitution 2.const. is law above all laws 3.govt req. to preserve and protect fundamental human rights 4. govt. must provide "freedom, equality and justice for all.
Democracy government by the people
Representative Democracy people elect representatives to govern.
Constitution (a const. est. a government, not other way around!) basic law, basic institution of govt., defines authority and limitations, supreme law, written by the people
Constitutional Democracy those who excersice peower do so as a result of winning free and frequent elections. elections make a democratic. enforceable limits on a power make it constitutional
Constitutionalism concept that the constitution is the basic law
Purposes of Government (in preamble) 1.est. justice. 2.insure domestic tranquility 3.provide defense 4.promote general welfare 5.LIBERTY.
Politics governmental compromise & decision making
Social Contract agreement among people to be governed, in return for government protection and services
to be Governed regulated, restricted, taxed and punished
Suffrage right to vote
sovereignty exclusive right to control a government, a country, a people
Federalism form of shared power between national (federal) & state government
Politicians elected officials
Incumbent current holder of office
Constituents people served by an elected official, voters
Government organization extending to all society
Self-government principle that the people are the ultimate source and proper beneficiary of governing authority
Limited Gov't government does not have unrestricted authority over people
Rule of Law a government of laws, not of men, due process of law.
power in politics the ability of individuals or groups to control public policy
4 major theories of Power majoritarian, pluralist, elite, bureaucratic rule
majoritarian the majority of people actually control govt. decision making
pluralist special interest and political parties have power
elite government controlled by a small group of wealthy elite
bureaucratic rule govt is run by career civil servants in the federal bureaucracy
Authority legitimate or accepted power
Legitimacy widespread acceptance
Public policy final result of govt action
Political institutions organization or group that significantly influences public policy, ex: 3 main branches, mass media, political parties, special interest gropes......
Ideals concept/model to be followed, most perfect form, exist in mind as one should be
Separation of Powers division of political powers so one branch cannot dominate government
Checks & Balances overlapping powers of branches of government to limit power
Judaical Review Judicial Branch check and balanced, of reviewing laws passe by congress and the states
Bicameral/bicameralism two house of congress
Bipartisan two political parties, coopreation between the two major political parties
Liberty individuals should be free to act and think as they choose
Equality all individuals are equal in their moral worth
Individualism people should take the initiative to be self sufficient
Unity Americans are one group
Diversity individual and group differences should be respected
Due Process of Law collective leagal procedures
Capitalism economic system based on free enterprise and individuals
hard money funds given directly to political candidates to spend as they choose
soft money campaign contribution given to political parties in support of. therefore subject to legal limits
Public Opinion political attitudes, view and beliefs held openly expressed by ordinary citizens
Ideology a consistent pattern of value and beliefs about the political system. generally characterized as liberal and conservative
Political Culture peoples predominant values, beliefs, attitudes, ideals and evaluations of the political system. divided into subcultures. traditinalistic, individualistic, and moralistic.
moralistic often aligned iwth New England, puritans, government is topromote public good and welfare, public service is a duty of wealth
individualistic sees politics as dirty business, politicians only in office for themselves, to gain and give favors. want to be left alone by govnt.
Political Socialization process by which political culture is passed on trough generations. we acquire our values through agents of socialization
agents of scialization family, school, church, peer/friends, employment, media, political institutions and leaders
Created by: davidpearose