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MedSurg

Stack #205728

QuestionAnswer
Define Disease Disease – the pattern of the body’s response to some form of injury that causes a deviation from or variation of normal conditions.
Define Pathogenesis Pathogenesis - step by step development of a disease and the chain of events leading to that disease.
Define Lesion Lesion – any abnormal tissue causes by a change in cells.
Define Sign Sign – measurable or objective manifestations of the disease process.
Define Symptom Symptom – the experience the patient feels and describes.
Define Acute Acute – a disease with a rapid onset and/or a short course.
Define Chronic Chronic – a disease that is long-lasting or recurrent.
Syndrome indicates the presence of a combination of symptoms that commonly occur together and are related to a single cause.
Etiology the study of disease causes
Manifestation observed changes occurring over the course of a disease process.
Test the analysis of a sample which establishes the sample is definitely not or probably is the substance.
Procedure manipulation of a patient to investigation and/or treat a pathological condition.
Prognosis the prediction of how a patient will progress and whether there is a chance of recovery.
Diagnosis identification of a disease by it’s signs, symptoms, and from the results of various diagnostic procedures.
Differential Diagnosis a list of possible diagnoses and an attempt to remove diagnoses from the list until one diagnosis remains.
Degenerative a disease in which the function or structure of the affected tissues or organs will progressively deteriorate over time.
Metabolic a disease that disrupts normal metabolism and affects the ability of the cell to form critical biochemical reactions.
Traumatic damage or harm caused to the structure or function of the body caused by an outside agent or force, which may be physical or chemical.
Neoplastic abnormal proliferation of cells that compete with normal cells and tissues for their metabolic needs.
Additive diseases may require an increases technique
Destructive diseases may require a decreased technique.
Inflammation the initial response of body tissues to local injury such as injury, infectious organisms, and irritating chemical substances.
5 clinical signs of acute inflammation Rubor (redness) Calor (heart) Tumor (swelling) Color (pain) Loss of function
Edema accumulation of abnormal amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces or body cavities.
Localize Edema results from an inflammatory reaction
Generalized Edema occurs with pronounced swelling of subcutaneous tissues throughout the body. Occurs most frequently in patients with CHF, cirrhosis of the liver, and renal disease.
Ischemia an interference with the blood supply to an organ or part of an organ, depriving the organ’s cells and tissues of oxygen and nutrients.
Infarct localize area of ischemic necrosis within a tissue or organ produced by occlusion of either its arterial supply or its venous drainage.
Hemorrhage rupture of a blood vessel.
Hematoma an accumulation of blood trapped within body tissues.
Neoplasia any new and abnormal growth, especially when the growth is uncontrolled and progressive, resulting in a neoplasm (tumor)
Oncology the study of neoplasms
Benign neoplasms that closely resemble their cells of origin in structure and function and remain localize.
Malignant neoplasms that invade and destroy adjacent structures and spread to distant sites (metastasize), causing death. Collectively referred to as cancer.
Carcinoma malignant tumor of epithelial cell origin
Sarcomas malignant tumor arising from connective tissues.
Staging extensiveness of a tumor at its primary site and the presence or absence of metastases. Distinguished using 0-4. T = tumor size N = node M = metastasis
Grading assesses aggressiveness, or degree of malignancy. Distinguished using I-IV
Atrophy a reduction in the size or number of cells in an organ or tissue, with a corresponding decrease in function.
Hypertrophy an increase in the size of cells of a tissue or organ in response to a demand for increased function.
Hypoplasia a decrease in the number of cells in a tissue or organ.
Hyperplasia an increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ.
Dsyplasia loss in the uniformity of individual cells and their architectural orientation.
Hereditary Disease pass from one generation to the next through the genetic information in the DNA.
Congenital Disease defects or damage to a developing fetus as a result of genetic abnormalities or intrauterine environment.
Curative reverses disease completely
Palliative concentrates on reducing the severity of disease symptoms to prevent and relieve suffering and to improve quality of life.
Created by: popsicle4255