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Terminology 101-2

TermDefinition
Angina Condition characterized by the attack of chest pain caused by an insufficient supply of oxygen to the heart.
Anticonvulsant Substance that stops brain nerve firing to suppress convulsive seizures.
Antineoplastic Substances that are used to kill cancer.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Mental disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of attention, concentration, activity distractibility, and impulsivity.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Mental disorder characterized by constant impulsive behavior, difficulty in concentration, and hyperactivity that decreases social, academic, or occupational functioning.
Bronchodilator Substances that relaxes the bronchial smooth muscles in the respiratory system.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Potentially fatal condition of the cardiovascular system wherein the heart has lost it's ability to pump blood in and out.
Cream Dosage form of a medication that is a semisolid preparation, usually applied externally to soothe, lubricate, or protect.
Diagnosis Process by which a health care professional (doctor, nurse, or technician) determines the patient's condition or disease, following test and examinations.
Distribution Process following absorption by which a drug is passed to the cells of various organs.
Excretion Process by which the body eliminates waste after metabolism and distribution.
Indication Refers to the use of a drug for treating a particular disease (example: insulin is used to treat diabetes).
Intradermal Withing the dermis.
Intramuscular Administration of a medication withing or into a muscle.
Intranasal Medications administered through being inhaled through the nose and then being absorbed into the bloodstream.
Intravenous Administration of a medication withing or into the veins.
Local Refers to a small area or single part of the body (example: local anesthetic).
Narcotic Drug that is potentially highly abused as a pain reliever, causing dependency and tolerance.
Nausea Feeling of sickness to the stomach, usually accompanied by the urge to vomit.,
Ointment Semisolid (mixture of a liquid and solid) dosage form that is applied externally to deliver medication, lubricate, and protect.
Opthalmic Administration of a medication through the eye.
Oral Administration of a medication through the mouth.
Patch Dosage form in which the medication is delivered through a solid application applied to the skin and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Pharmacology Study of drugs and their effects on the body.
Rectally Administration of a solid or liquid medication given through the rectum.
Sedative Relieves anxiety and tension, calms and relaxes.
Side effects Are predicted, unwanted reactions to a substance or combination of substances.
Spasm Involuntary muscle contraction.
Subcutaneous Beneath the skin.
Sublingual Tablet Tablet that is dissolved under the tongue instead of being swallowed whole.
Suppository Denotes the administration through the vagina or rectum of a solid medication.
Suspension Liquid dosage form in which the solid particles are not completely dissolved.
Syrup Liquid form that consist of water and sugar mixed with the medication.
Tablet Solid dosage form in which the ingredients are compacted into a small, formed shapes.
Topical Substance used externally for relief of swelling, itching, or infections.
Transdermal Administration of a medication through the skin (example: patches).
Vaginally Administration of a solid or liquid medication through the vagina.
Vasodilator Substances that caused the blood vessels to widen.
Virus A very small infectious organism that requires a living cell to reproduce.
Created by: karlotinaleon