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Latin America Vocab

Latin America Vocabulary

pampas temperate grassland located in Argentina
llanos tropical grassland located in Colombia and Venezuela
vertical zonation when different vegetation grows at different elevations
NAFTA trade agreement between the U.S., Mexico, and Canada
Inca native group that lived in Peru and Chile
Maya native group that built large cities with pyramids in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala
Aztec native group that lived around modern Mexico City
mestizo a person of mixed European and native ancestry
hacienda large farm or ranch similar to a plantation owned by a rich landlord
ejido land that is jointly owned by farmers
deforestation when trees are cut down faster than they can grow back
subsistence farming when someone grows just enough food to live
ring of fire an area around the Pacific Ocean where many plates meet and earthquakes and volcanoes are common
cash crop crops that are grown for export such as sugar and cotton
slash and burn a method of farming where farmers cut down trees then burn them to fertilize the soil
archipelago a group of islands
gaucho a cowboy in Argentina
squatter settlement areas in the city where people have illegally occupied the land and built poor houses
reggae a type of music from Jamaica
atacama a desert on the coast of Chile and Peru
andes mountains that run from Colombia to Argentina
amazon a river that runs through Brazil
sierra madres mountains in Mexico
urbanization when people move into cities
out migration when people leave an area looking for jobs
Created by: okanehanani