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Peridoic Table

Vocabulary atoms and elements

TermDefinition
matter anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass the material that matter is made up of.
space/volume the specific area/place that matter takes up.
density d=m/v the amount of mass in a specific volume of space.
atom smallest part of an element,the building blocks of all matter.
proton particle of an atom with a positive charge located inside the nucleus.
electron particle of an atom with a negative charge, it moves around the nucleus and has an attractive force that allows it to bond with other atoms.
neutron particle of an atom with a neutral/no charge located inside the nucleus along with the proton.
periodic table large grid that identifies and classifies all of the elements by their chemical and physical properties.
element the simplest substances that cannot be broken down/ they make up all matter in the universe.
periods/rows rows that tell how many energy levels each elements has for the electrons to move around
groups or family/columns columns that tell how many valence electrons have.
valence electrons the electron that move on the outter shell.
atomic number how many protons an element has inside the neclues.
atomic mass the measurement of the mass for an elements atoms.
chemical property the ability of substances to combine with one another forming new and different substances
physical property the appear and state of matter of a substance
ionic bond when elements either loose or gain an electron
covenant bond the process of elements sharing electrons during bonding.
chemical change/reaction when elements bond together from the attractive force of electrons,creating a new object/substance
compound/molecule objects mixed to turn into a whole new substance,chemically combined.
mixture objects that are mixed together but not chemically changed. ex: a salad
Nobel gases
Halogens
Alkali Metals
Metalloids
Created by: delaneytaylor6