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Elements of Art and Principles of Design

Elements of Design The building blocks that artists use to create art (shape,form, value, size, texture, line & color).
Form 3 dimensional object with height, depth, and weight
Shape A design element that includes geometric, organic, or abstract shapes that are 2-dimensional.
Line A design element with the major characteristics of length and direction. It can be 2-D as is drawn on paper or 3-D as in sculpture where the artist has used a piece of wire.
Value An element of design that relates to the lightness and darkness of a color or tone.
Size The relationship of the area occupied by one shape to that of another.
Texture How something feels
Color An element of art that is derived from reflected light, also called hue.
Principles of Design Balance, Unity (Harmony), Movement, Proportion, Emphasis, Rhythm, Variety, are used as guidelines that tell us how to use the Elements of Design to create pleasing designs.
Balance A principle of design that refers to how elements are arranged to achieve stability (3 kinds: symmetrical {mirror image}, asymmetrical, and radial{comes from a circular point})Unity
Unity Creating a sense of visual oneness in a work of art
Mvement A principle of design similar to rhythm, it gives an artwork a sense of motion.
Proportion Also called scale refers to the relationships of the size of objects in a body of work. This gives a sense of size seen as a relationship of objects. such as smallness or largeness.
Emphasis Also known as focus, in a design is what draws the eye first, before it travels to the rest of the design.
Rythm A principle of design that occurs when the elements are repeated over and over again. This principle leads to movement.
Variety A principle of design that combines elements to provide interest in an artwork.
Created by: chelsea_cason