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Chapter 4 Vocabulary

Culture The sum total of knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society-Ralph Linton (different types of cultures)
Folk Culture Cultural traits such as dress models, dwellings, traditions, and instructions of usually small, traditional communities (Christmas traditions in America)
Popular Culture Cultural traits such as dress, diet, and music and are part of today's changeable,urban-based, media-influenced western societies (modern art)
Local Culture Group of people that see themselves as a collective or community, who share experiences, customs, and traits, and who work to preserve those traits and customs in order to claim uniqueness and to distinguish themselves from others (Accents)
Material Culture the art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people (Polish food, architecture, dance, ect.)
Non-material Culture The beliefs, practices, aesthics,and values of a group of people (Religion)
Hierarchical Diffusion Spreading of word first by most connected places
Hearth The area where an idea or cultural trait originates (USA)
Assimilate process through which people loose originally differentiating traits, such as dress, speech, particularities or mannerisms, when they come into contact with another society or culture. (derived from trade, invasion, and/or intermarrying between groups)
Custom practice routinely followed by a group of people (praying before you eat)
Cultural Appropriation the process by which cultures adapt customs and knowledge from other cultures and use them for their own benefit (sports teams using Native American tribal names)
Neolocalism the seeking out of regional culture and reinvigoration of it in response to the uncertainty of the modern world (Little Sweden)
Ethnic Neighborhood Neighborhood, typically situated in a larger metropolitan city and constructed by or compromised of a local culture, in which a local culture can practice its customs (China town)
Commodification The process where something is given monetary value
Authenticity the accuracy with which a single stereotypical or typecast image or experience coveys an otherwise dynamic and complex local culture or its customs
Distance Decay the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction
Time-Space Compression social and psychological effects of living in a world in which time-space convergence has rapidly reached a high level of intensity
Reterritorialization with a respect to popular culture, when people within a place start to produce an aspect of popular culture themselves, doing so in context of their local culture and making it their own (formation of habits)
Cultural Landscape The visual imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape. The layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants (skyscrapers)
Placelessness loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next
Global-local Continuum the notion that what happens at global scale has a direct effect on what happens at the local scale, and vice versa. Posits that the world is comprised of an interconnected series of relationships that extend across space (WW2, lots of good business)
Glocalization The process by which people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes (McDonald's Corporation and MTV Networks glocalize their products to suit local tastes.)
Folk-housing region a region in which the housing stock predominantly reflects styles of building that are particular to the culture of the people who have long inhabited the area (New England)
Diffusion Routes The spatial trajectory through which cultural traits or other phenomena spread (Europe to USA and ect)
syncretism the combining of different religions, cultures, or ideas
sequent occupance the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.
Popular Geography sets




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